Love, Power and Consistency: Scotus' Doctrines of God's Power, Contingent Creation, Induction and Natural Law
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Sophia 49 (4):557-575 (2010)
I first examine John Duns Scotus’ view of contingency, pure possibility, and created possibilities, and his version of the celebrated distinction between ordained and absolute power. Scotus’ views on ethical natural law and his account of induction are characterised, and their dependence on the preceding doctrines detailed. I argue that there is an inconsistency in his treatments of the problem of induction and ethical natural law. Both proceed with God’s contingently willed creation of a given order of laws, which can be revoked and replaced with a new order of laws. In the case of ethical natural law God promulgated the Decalogue, for example; in the case of nature, there are physical laws that can be known by induction. Scotus exalts the freedom of God and the mutability of ethical natural law in order to explain exceptions to it disclosed by revelation (for example, the Old Testament command to Abraham to kill Isaac). Yet he treats ethical natural laws as (mostly) not universal and immutable. In contrast, he holds that we can arrive at knowledge of the universal and immutable laws of nature, except for those regularities that result from free will. Finally, I present several ways of characterising this tension between Scotus’ doctrines
|Keywords||John Duns Scotus Natural law Power of God Contingency Transubstantiation Induction|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
David Burr (1972). Scotus and Transubstantiation. Mediaeval Studies 34 (1):336-360.
William J. Courtenay (1990). Capacity and Volition: A History of the Distinction of Absolute and Ordained Power. P. Lubrina.
Richard Cross (1998). The Physics of Duns Scotus: The Scientific Context of a Theological Vision. Clarendon Press.
S. Elkatip (1995). Individuation and Duns Scotus. Medioevo 21:509-526.
Hester Goodenough Gelber (2004). It Could Have Been Otherwise: Contingency and Necessity in Dominican Theology at Oxford, 1300-1350. Brill.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Stephen John Grabill (2006). Rediscovering the Natural Law in Reformed Theological Ethics. William B. Eerdmans Pub. Co..
John Foster (2004). The Divine Lawmaker: Lectures on Induction, Laws of Nature, and the Existence of God. Oxford University Press.
Jeff McMahan (2010). The Laws of War. In Samantha Besson & John Tasioulas (eds.), The Philosophy of International Law. Oup Oxford.
John Foster (2001). Regulatities, Laws of Nature, and the Existance of God. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 101 (2):145–161.
Michael P. Levine (1986). The Role of Reason in the Ethics of Maimonides: Or, Why Maimonides Could Have Had a Doctrine of Natural Law Even If He Did Not. Journal of Religious Ethics 14 (2):279 - 295.
Amber L. Griffioen (2007). “In Accordance with the Law”: Reconciling Divine and Civil Law in Abelard. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (2):307-321.
C. Fred Alford (2010). Narrative, Nature, and the Natural Law: From Aquinas to International Human Rights. Palgrave Macmillan.
Stephen Mumford (2004). Laws in Nature. Routledge.
Cruz Gonzalez-Ayesta (2012). Duns Scotus on the Natural Will. Vivarium 50 (1):33-52.
Jacqueline A. Laing (2012). Law. In George Kurian (ed.), Encyclopaedia of Christian Civilisation. Blackwell.
B. H. Woo (2012). Pannenberg's Understanding of the Natural Law. Studies in Christian Ethics 25 (3):346-366.
Henrik Syse (2007). Natural Law, Religion, and Rights: An Exploration of the Relationship Between Natural Law and Natural Rights, with Special Emphasis on the Teachings of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. St. Augustine's Press.
Danny Frederick (2013). A Puzzle About Natural Laws and the Existence of God. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 73 (3):269-283.
Added to index2010-12-26
Total downloads23 ( #83,924 of 1,413,333 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #41,846 of 1,413,333 )
How can I increase my downloads?