David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Oxford University Press (2005)
Relativism, the position that things are for each as they seem to each, was first formulated in Western philosophy by Protagoras, the 5th century BC Greek orator and teacher. Mi-Kyoung Lee focuses on the challenge to the possibility of expert knowledge posed by Protagoras, together with responses by the three most important philosophers of the next generation, Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus. In his book Truth, Protagoras made vivid use of two provocative but imperfectly spelled out ideas: first, that we are all "measures" of the truth and that we are each already capable of determining how things are for ourselves, since the senses are our best and most credible guides to the truth; second, given that things appear differently to different people, there is no basis on which to decide that one appearance is true rather than the other. Plato developed these ideas into a more fully worked-out theory, which he then subjected to refutation in the Theaetetus. Aristotle argued that Protagoras' ideas lead to skepticism in Metaphysics Book G, a chapter which reflects awareness of Plato's reaction in the Theaetetus. And finally Democritus incorporated modified Protagorean ideas and arguments into his theory of knowledge and perception. There have been many important recent studies of these thinkers in isolation. However, there has been no attempt to tell a single, coherent story about how Democritus, Plato, and Aristotle responded to Protagoras' striking claim, and to its perceived implications about knowledge, perception, and truth. By studying these four figures in relation to each other, we arrive at a better understanding of an important chapter in the development of Greek epistemology.
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Buy the book||$17.99 used (87% off) $18.75 new (87% off) $48.95 direct from Amazon Amazon page|
|Call number||B305.P83.A44 2005|
|ISBN(s)||0199549281 0199262225 9780199262229|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Xavier Parent (2011). Moral Particularism in the Light of Deontic Logic. Artificial Intelligence and Law 19 (2-3):75-98.
Similar books and articles
Nicholas Denyer (ed.) (2008). Plato: Protagoras. Cambridge University Press.
Timothy Chappell (2010). Mi-Kyoung Lee's Epistemology After Protagoras: Responses to Relativism in Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus. Philosophical Books 51 (2):117-125.
D. T. J. Bailey (2006). Review: Epistemology After Protagoras: Responses to Relativism in Plato, Aristotle and Democritus. [REVIEW] Mind 115 (460):1151-1153.
James Warren (2006). Lee (M.-K.) Epistemology After Protagoras: Responses to Relativism in Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus . Pp. Xii + 291. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2005. Cased, £45. ISBN: 0-19-926222-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 56 (01):59-.
Mohan Matthen (1985). Perception, Relativism, and Truth: Reflections on Plato's Theaetetus 152–160. Dialogue 24 (01):33-.
C. C. W. Taylor (2005). Review of Mi-Kyoung Lee, Lee, Epistemology After Protagoras: Responses to Relativism in Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (11).
A. Long (2004). Refutation and Relativism in "Theaetetus" 161-171. Phronesis 49 (1):24 - 40.
M. F. Burnyeat (1976). Protagoras and Self-Refutation in Plato's Theaetetus. Philosophical Review 85 (2):172-195.
Luca Castagnoli (2007). Epistemology After Protagoras: Responses to Relativism in Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus, by Mi-Kyoung Lee. Ancient Philosophy 27 (2):405-418.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads72 ( #58,643 of 1,796,437 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #467,624 of 1,796,437 )
How can I increase my downloads?