David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Cognitive Science 35 (5):905-938 (2011)
In previous analyses of the influence of language on cognition, speech has been the main channel examined. In studies conducted among Yucatec Mayas, efforts to determine the preferred frame of reference in use in this community have failed to reach an agreement (Bohnemeyer & Stolz, 2006; Levinson, 2003 vs. Le Guen, 2006, 2009). This paper argues for a multimodal analysis of language that encompasses gesture as well as speech, and shows that the preferred frame of reference in Yucatec Maya is only detectable through the analysis of co-speech gesture and not through speech alone. A series of experiments compares knowledge of the semantics of spatial terms, performance on nonlinguistic tasks and gestures produced by men and women. The results show a striking gender difference in the knowledge of the semantics of spatial terms, but an equal preference for a geocentric frame of reference in nonverbal tasks. In a localization task, participants used a variety of strategies in their speech, but they all exhibited a systematic preference for a geocentric frame of reference in their gestures
|Keywords||Linguistic relativity Gesture Spatial cognition Frames of reference Yucatec Maya|
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References found in this work BETA
Asifa Majid, Melissa Bowerman, Sotaro Kita, Daniel B. M. Haun & Stephen C. Levinson (2004). Can Language Restructure Cognition? The Case for Space. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (3):108-114.
David McNeill (2005). Gesture and Thought. University of Chicago Press.
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Citations of this work BETA
Ulf Liszkowski, Penny Brown, Tara Callaghan, Akira Takada & Conny de Vos (2012). A Prelinguistic Gestural Universal of Human Communication. Cognitive Science 36 (4):698-713.
Rafael E. Núñez & Carlos Cornejo (2012). Facing the Sunrise: Cultural Worldview Underlying Intrinsic-Based Encoding of Absolute Frames of Reference in Aymara. Cognitive Science 36 (6):965-991.
Andrea Bender & Sieghard Beller (2014). Mapping Spatial Frames of Reference Onto Time: A Review of Theoretical Accounts and Empirical Findings. [REVIEW] Cognition 132 (3):342-382.
Olivier Le Guen (2012). Cognitive Anthropological Fieldwork. Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (3):445-452.
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