David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 37 (4):527-549 (2006)
The relationship between conceptions of law and conceptions of nature is a complex one, and proceeds on what appear to be two distinct fronts. On the one hand, we frequently talk of nature as being lawlike or as obeying laws. On the other hand there are schools of philosophy that seek to justify ethics generally, or legal theory specifically, in conceptions of nature. Questions about the historical origins and development of claims that nature is lawlike are generally treated as entirely distinct from the development of ethical natural law theories. By looking at the many intersections of law and nature in antiquity, this paper shows that such a sharp distinction is overly simplistic, and often relies crucially on the imposition of an artificial and anachronistic suppression of the role of gods or divinity in the worlds of ancient natural philosophy. Furthermore, by tightening up the terms of the debate, we see that the common claim that a conception of [`]laws of nature' only emerges in the Scientific Revolution is built on a superficial reading of the ancient evidence
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References found in this work BETA
D. M. Armstrong (1978). Universals and Scientific Realism. Cambridge University Press.
John Beatty (1997). Why Do Biologists Argue Like They Do? Philosophy of Science 64 (4):443.
Daniel Bennett (1969). Essential Properties. Journal of Philosophy 66 (15):487-499.
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Citations of this work BETA
Travis Dumsday (2013). Laws of Nature Don't Have Ceteris Paribus Clauses, They Are Ceteris Paribus Clauses. Ratio 26 (2):134-147.
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