David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 57 (3):283 - 295 (1983)
Weighted averaging is a method for aggregating the totality of information, both regimented and unregimented, possessed by an individual or group of individuals. The application of such a method may be warranted by a theorem of the calculus of probability, simple conditionalization, or Jeffrey's formula for probability kinematics, all of which average in terms of the prior probability of evidence statements. Weighted averaging may, however, be applied as a method of rational aggregation of the probabilities of diverse perspectives or persons in cases in which the weights cannot be articulated as the prior probabilities of statements of evidence. The method is justified by Wagner's Theorem exhibiting that any method satisfying the conditions of the Irrelevance of Alternatives and Zero Unanimity must, when applied to three or more alternatives, be weighted averaging.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Rudolf Carnap (1962). Logical Foundations of Probability. Chicago]University of Chicago Press.
Jaakko Hintikka (1967). Aspects of Inductive Logic. Amsterdam, North Holland Pub. Co..
Richard Jeffrey (1983). The Logic of Decision. University of Chicago Press.
Keith Lehrer (1976). When Rational Disagreement is Impossible. Noûs 10 (3):327-332.
Citations of this work BETA
Thieu Kuys (1989). Knowledge, Criticism, and Coherence. Philosophical Studies 57 (1):41 - 60.
Similar books and articles
Guanchun Wang, Sanjeev R. Kulkarni & Daniel N. Osherson, Aggregating Large Sets of Probabilistic Forecasts by Weighted Coherent Adjustment.
Carl Wagner (2010). Jeffrey Conditioning and External Bayesianity. Logic Journal of the Igpl 18 (2):336-345.
Ben Saunders (2009). A Defence of Weighted Lotteries in Life Saving Cases. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 12 (3):279 - 290.
Keith Lehrer (2001). The Rationality of Dissensus: A Reply to Goodin. [REVIEW] Journal of Ethics 5 (2):133-137.
Richard Swinburne (2001). Swinburne and Plantinga on Internal Rationality. Religious Studies 37 (3):357-358.
Frederick F. Schmitt (1985). Consensus, Respect, and Weighted Averaging. Synthese 62 (1):25 - 46.
Carl Wagner (1985). On the Formal Properties of Weighted Averaging as a Method of Aggregation. Synthese 62 (1):97 - 108.
Jane Braaten (1987). Rational Consensual Procedure: Argumentation or Weighted Averaging? Synthese 71 (3):347 - 354.
Eric Christian Barnes (1998). Probabilities and Epistemic Pluralism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (1):31-47.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads18 ( #103,167 of 1,413,337 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #154,079 of 1,413,337 )
How can I increase my downloads?