David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Biology and Philosophy 8 (4):409-421 (1993)
It is often claimed that one of Darwin''s chief accomplishments was to provide biology with a non-teleological explanation of adaptation. A number of Darwin''s closest associates, however, and Darwin himself, did not see it that way. In order to assess whether Darwin''s version of evolutionary theory does or does not employ teleological explanation, two of his botanical studies are examined. The result of this examination is that Darwin sees selection explanations of adaptations as teleological explanations. The confusion in the nineteenth century about Darwin''s attitude to teleology is argued to be a result of Darwin''s teleological explanations not conforming to either of the dominant philosophical justifications of teleology at that time. Darwin''s explanatory practices conform well, however, to recent defenses of the teleological character of selection explanations.
|Keywords||Adaptation Darwin final cause natural selection plant sexuality teleology|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
References found in this work BETA
Francisco J. Ayala (1970). Teleological Explanations in Evolutionary Biology. Philosophy of Science 37 (1):1-15.
Robert N. Brandon (1981). Biological Teleology: Questions and Explanations. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 12 (2):91-105.
Ernst Mayr (1988). Toward a New Philosophy of Biology: Observations of an Evolutionist. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Michael Ruse (1988). Philosophy of Biology Today. State University of New York Press.
William C. Wimsatt (1972). Teleology and the Logical Structure of Function Statements. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 3 (1):1-80.
Citations of this work BETA
John Beatty & Eric Cyr Desjardins (2009). Natural Selection and History. Biology and Philosophy 24 (2):231-246.
James G. Lennox (2010). The Darwin/Gray Correspondence 1857–1869: An Intelligent Discussion About Chance and Design. Perspectives on Science 18 (4):456-479.
Ricardo Noguera‐Solano (2013). The Metaphor of the Architect in Darwin: Chance and Free Will. Zygon 48 (4):859-874.
Bruce H. Weber (2011). Design and its Discontents. Synthese 178 (2):271 - 289.
John Beatty (2006). Chance Variation: Darwin on Orchids. Philosophy of Science 73 (5):629-641.
Similar books and articles
David L. Hull (2005). Deconstructing Darwin: Evolutionary Theory in Context. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 38 (1):137 - 152.
Edward S. Reed (1978). Darwin's Evolutionary Philosophy: The Laws of Change. Acta Biotheoretica 27 (3-4).
Charles Darwin (1975). Charles Darwin's Natural Selection: Being the Second Part of His Big Species Book Written From 1856 to 1858. Cambridge University Press.
Allan Gotthelf (1999). Darwin on Aristotle. Journal of the History of Biology 32 (1):3 - 30.
Elisabeth A. Lloyd (1983). The Nature of Darwin's Support for the Theory of Natural Selection. Philosophy of Science 50 (1):112-129.
James G. Lennox (2005). Darwin's Methodological Evolution. Journal of the History of Biology 38 (1):85 - 99.
T. L. Short (2002). Darwin's Concept of Final Cause: Neither New nor Trivial. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 17 (3):323-340.
Phillip Prodger (2009). Darwin's Camera: Art and Photography in the Theory of Evolution. Oxford University Press.
Michael T. Ghiselin (1994). Darwin's Language May Seem Teleological, but His Thinking is Another Matter. Biology and Philosophy 9 (4):489-492.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads98 ( #9,305 of 1,088,810 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #69,666 of 1,088,810 )
How can I increase my downloads?