Darwin was a teleologist

Biology and Philosophy 8 (4):409-421 (1993)
Abstract
It is often claimed that one of Darwin''s chief accomplishments was to provide biology with a non-teleological explanation of adaptation. A number of Darwin''s closest associates, however, and Darwin himself, did not see it that way. In order to assess whether Darwin''s version of evolutionary theory does or does not employ teleological explanation, two of his botanical studies are examined. The result of this examination is that Darwin sees selection explanations of adaptations as teleological explanations. The confusion in the nineteenth century about Darwin''s attitude to teleology is argued to be a result of Darwin''s teleological explanations not conforming to either of the dominant philosophical justifications of teleology at that time. Darwin''s explanatory practices conform well, however, to recent defenses of the teleological character of selection explanations.
Keywords Adaptation  Darwin  final cause  natural selection  plant sexuality  teleology
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    References found in this work BETA
    Robert N. Brandon (1981). Biological Teleology: Questions and Explanations. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 12 (2):91-105.
    Michael Ruse (1988). Philosophy of Biology Today. State University of New York Press.
    Citations of this work BETA
    John Beatty (2006). Chance Variation: Darwin on Orchids. Philosophy of Science 73 (5):629-641.

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