David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Ratio 22 (1):1-18 (2009)
Parfit argues that naturalistic theories that seek to understand normative concepts either as simply descriptive of certain natural facts about our desires or as expressive of our desires commit us to a bleak normative nihilism whereby nothing matters. I here defend such naturalism, in particular its expressivist variety, against this charge. It is true that such views commit us to there being no reasons as Parfit understands them. But for Parfit to suppose that equivalent to there being no reasons leaves him begging the question where the relative credibility of these rival understandings is just what is at issue. 1.
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James Lenman (2010). Uggles and Muggles: Wedgwood on Normative Thought and Justification. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 151 (3):469 - 477.
James Lenman (2013). Ethics Without Errors. Ratio 26 (4):391-409.
David Carr (1984). Knowledge, Mind and the Curriculum. Educational Philosophy and Theory 16 (1):12–22.
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