David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
NanoEthics 4 (3):205-214 (2010)
This paper critically examines the volitional normative model of disease and its underlying nanotechnologic vision of medicine both defended by Robert Freitas. Having provided an account of this vision, we explicate the highlight of the model, which is a concept of disease based on individual values and preferences. The model’s normative positions are then critiqued based on our argument that the epistemic basis of Freitas’s vision of nanotechnologic medicine and, by extension, of his volitional normative model of disease is scientifically flawed. An ethical and social critique of the model is then conducted on the basis of the model’s implicit ethical underpinnings. We argue that Freitas fails to justify the normativity of his model by not addressing the ethical issues that permeate it, one of which is the question of responsibility regarding the development of medical nanotechnology and the practice of new forms of medicine such as the one he envisions. We conclude that, due to its radically individualistic position, the model implies an unjustified view of nanoethics and relegates this field of ethics to the periphery of discussions of nanomedicine
|Keywords||Chromosome replacement therapy Freitas Molecular reference structures Molecular technologic medicine Nanoethics Nanomedicine Nanotechnologic medicine Nanotechnology Volitional normative model of disease|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Christopher Boorse (1977). Health as a Theoretical Concept. Philosophy of Science 44 (4):542-573.
Lennart Nordenfelt (2007). The Concepts of Health and Illness Revisited. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (1):5-10.
Jean-Pierre Dupuy (2007). Some Pitfalls in the Philosophical Foundations of Nanoethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (3):237 – 261.
John Z. Sadler (2004). Values and Psychiatric Diagnosis. Oxford University Press.
George Khushf (2007). An Agenda for Future Debate on Concepts of Health and Disease. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (1):19-27.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Marianne Boenink (2009). Tensions and Opportunities in Convergence: Shifting Concepts of Disease in Emerging Molecular Medicine. [REVIEW] NanoEthics 3 (3):243-255.
Rebecca M. Hall, Tong Sun & Mauro Ferrari (2012). A Portrait of Nanomedicine and Its Bioethical Implications. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 40 (4):763-779.
Neil Williams (2007). The Factory Model of Disease. The Monist 90 (4):555-584.
George J. Agich (1983). Disease and Value: A Rejection of the Value-Neutrality Thesis. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 4 (1).
Bjørn Hofmann (2005). Simplified Models of the Relationship Between Health and Disease. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (5):355-377.
Yotam Lurie (2002). The Ontology of Sports Injuries. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 16 (2):265-276.
Caroline Whitbeck (1977). Causation in Medicine: The Disease Entity Model. Philosophy of Science 44 (4):619-637.
George Khushf (1997). Why Bioethics Needs the Philosophy of Medicine: Some Implications of Reflection on Concepts of Health and Disease. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 18 (1-2).
Laurence Foss (1994). Putting the Mind Back Into the Body a Successor Scientific Medical Model. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (3).
Juha Räikkä (1996). The Social Concept of Disease. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (4).
Nancy S. Jecker (2008). A Broader View of Justice. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (10):2 – 10.
P. Thagard (1996). The Concept of Disease: Structure and Change. Philosophical Explorations 29:445-478.
Attila Tanyi (2006). An Essay on the Desire-Based Reasons Model. Dissertation, Central European University
Steven E. Hyman (2007). The Neurobiology of Addiction: Implications for Voluntary Control of Behavior. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):8 – 11.
Daniel S. Goldberg (2009). In Support of a Broad Model of Public Health: Disparities, Social Epidemiology and Public Health Causation. Public Health Ethics 2 (1):70-83.
Added to index2010-11-18
Total downloads13 ( #281,505 of 1,911,681 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #322,396 of 1,911,681 )
How can I increase my downloads?