David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Nature Neuroscience 5 (6):605-609 (2002)
Correspondence should be addressed to David A. Leopold email@example.comDuring the viewing of certain patterns, widely known as ambiguous or puzzle figures, perception lapses into a sequence of spontaneous alternations, switching every few seconds between two or more visual interpretations of the stimulus. Although their nature and origin remain topics of debate, these stochastic switches are generally thought to be the automatic and inevitable consequence of viewing a pattern without a unique solution. We report here that in humans such perceptual alternations can be slowed, and even brought to a standstill, if the visual stimulus is periodically removed from view. We also show, with a visual illusion, that this stabilizing effect hinges on perceptual disappearance rather than on actual removal of the stimulus. These findings indicate that uninterrupted subjective perception of an ambiguous pattern is required for the initiation of the brain-state changes underlying multistable vision.Visual perception involves coordination between sensory sampling of the world and active interpretation of the sensory data. Human perception of objects and scenes is normally stable and robust, but it falters when one is presented with patterns that are inherently ambiguous or contradictory. Under such conditions, vision lapses into a chain of continually alternating percepts, whereby a viable visual interpretation dominates for a few seconds and is then replaced by a rival interpretation. This multistable vision, or 'multistability', is thought to result from destabilization of fundamental visual mechanisms, and has offered valuable insights into how sensory patterns are actively organized and interpreted in the brain1, 2. Despite a great deal of recent research and interest in multistable perception, however, its neurophysiological underpinnings remain poorly understood. Physiological studies have suggested that disambiguation of ambiguous patterns.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
William Fish (2013). High-Level Properties and Visual Experience. Philosophical Studies 162 (1):43-55.
Shruti Baijal & Narayanan Srinivasan (2009). Types of Attention Matter for Awareness: A Study with Color Afterimages. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (4):1039-1048.
Katie L. H. Gray, Wendy J. Adams & Matthew Garner (2009). The Influence of Anxiety on the Initial Selection of Emotional Faces Presented in Binocular Rivalry. Cognition 113 (1):105-110.
Philipp Sterzer, Andreas Kleinschmidt & Geraint Rees (2009). The Neural Bases of Multistable Perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (7):310-318.
Similar books and articles
Alexander Maier, Melanie Wilke, Nikos K. Logothetis & David A. Leopold (2003). Perception of Temporally Interleaved Ambiguous Patterns. Current Biology.
David A. Leopold & Nikos K. Logothetis (1999). Multistable Phenomena: Changing Views in Perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (7):254-264.
Nicoletta Orlandi (2011). Embedded Seeing-As: Multi-Stable Visual Perception Without Interpretation. Philosophical Psychology 25 (4):1-19.
N. K. Logothetis D. A. Leopold (1999). Multistable Phenomena: Changing Views in Perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3:254-264.
Ryota Kanai, Farshad Moradi, Shinsuke Shimojo & Frans A. J. Verstraten (2005). Perceptual Alternation Induced by Visual Transients. Perception 34 (7):803-822.
K. Moutoussis, G. A. Keliris, Z. Kourtzi & N. K. Logothetis (2005). A Binocular Rivalry Study of Motion Perception in the Human Brain. Vision Research 45 (17):2231-43.
N. Leopold Logothetis & Sheinberg A. (2003). Neural Mechanisms of Perceptual Organization. In Naoyuki Osaka (ed.), Neural Basis of Consciousness. John Benjamins.
William A. Phillips (2003). The Short-Term Dynamics Within a Network of Connections is Creative. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):752-753.
David A. Leopold, Alexander Maier & Nikos K. Logothetis (2003). Measuring Subjective Visual Perception in the Nonhuman Primate. Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (9-10):115-130.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads28 ( #68,186 of 1,140,341 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #140,127 of 1,140,341 )
How can I increase my downloads?