David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Social Evolution and History 9 (2) (2010)
This article is devoted to the significant at all times and sounding anew in every epoch problem of the role of an individual (also a Hero, Great Man) in history, including such an aspect as the role of an individual in the process of state formation and progress. It is argued that in the age of globalization, when the humankind has found itself at the new developmental turning point, in the epoch when the influence of various individuals could affect dramatically the further development of the whole world, there is an urgent necessity to return to the analysis of this issue. In the first part of this article the history of views on this problem from the antiquity to contemporary counterfactual history is considered. In the second part the author aims at presenting the complex of factors affecting the role of individuals as a conceptual system. He suggests that depending on various conditions and circumstances and with the account of specific features of historical place and time and personal characteristics, the historical role of an individual may fluctuate from the absolutely invisible up to the greatest one. A conclusion is made that the weaker and less stable is a society, the more destroyed are the old structures, the greater may be the personality's impact. In other words, the role of an individual is inversely correlated with society's stability and strength. The paper presents the model which includes four society’s state phases: 1) stable society of the monarchic type; 2) social pre-revolutionary crisis; 3) revolution; 4) creation of a new order. It is shown that a personality's greatest influence is observed at the third and fourth stages while at the first stage the influence is usually considerably weaker.
|Keywords||Great Man personality progress|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
William H. Shaw (1988). Plekhanov on the Role of the Individual in History. Studies in East European Thought 35 (3):247-265.
S. A. Farrar (2001). Myths and Legends: An Examination of the Historical Role of the Accused in Traditional Legal Scholarship; a Look at the 19th Century. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 21 (2):331-353.
Rainer Goldt (2009). Das Personalitätskonzept Pavel Florenskijs. Studies in East European Thought 61 (2/3):145 - 152.
Leonid Grinin (2007). Once More on the Question of the Role of Personality in History. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 12:169-173.
Carl Paul Ellerman (1996). Notes From the Margins of Being. Inquiry 39 (1):3 – 19.
Vadim Grekhnev (2006). Philosophy Solving the Problems of Education in the Modern World. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 4:45-50.
Paul Richard Blum (2010). Michael Polanyi: The Anthropology of Intellectual History. Studies in East European Thought 62 (2):197 - 216.
Chris W. Surprenant (2007). Cultivating Virtue: Moral Progress and the Kantian State. Kantian Review 12 (1):90-112.
Leonid Grinin (2009). 'People of Celebrity' as a New Social Stratum and Elite. In Leonid Grinin & Andrey Korotayev (eds.), Hierarchy and Power in the History of Civilizations: Cultural Dimensions. Moscow: KRASAND
Kristóf Nyíri (2008). The Networked Mind. Studies in East European Thought 60 (1/2):149 - 158.
Keqian Xu (2011). A Different Type of Individualism in Zhuangzi. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 10 (4):445-462.
Georgia Warnke (1987). Gadamer: Hermeneutics, Tradition, and Reason. In Association with B. Blackwell.
George Edward Novack (1972). Understanding History; Marxist Essays. New York,Pathfinder Press.
Stéphane Courtois (2006). Habermas's Cosmopolitan Perspective on Individual Rights and the Nation-State. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 2:111-118.
Added to index2011-09-26
Total downloads24 ( #152,443 of 1,790,232 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #427,635 of 1,790,232 )
How can I increase my downloads?