David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy of Science 39 (4):476-490 (1972)
Recent discussion of the problem of the conclusive falsification of scientific hypotheses has generally regarded the Duhemian Thesis (D-Thesis) as both true and interesting  but has dismissed the claim that disconfirmed hypotheses can be retained in explanations of the disconfirming evidence as either trivial  or unargued . This paper rejects these positions. First, the status, in the argument for the D-Thesis, of the claim that auxiliary assumptions are necessary for the derivation of evidential propositions from hypotheses is examined. It is concluded that depending on this status, the D-Thesis is either trivially true or unargued. Then the retention of contextually disconfirmed hypotheses is discussed. It is found that the use of such hypotheses in explanations of the disconfirming evidence is mediated by principles of scientific methodology. A new thesis is presented connecting the problem of conclusive falsification with changes in methodology. The argument for this thesis introduces a new analysis of methodological principles as inductive generalizations from scientific practice. Finally, the contribution of this analysis to the understanding of scientific change is described
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Robert Barrett (1969). On the Conclusive Falsification of Scientific Hypotheses. Philosophy of Science 36 (4):363-374.
Lawrence Resnick (1959). Confirmation and Hypothesis. Philosophy of Science 26 (1):25-30.
Philip L. Quinn (1969). The Status of the D-Thesis. Philosophy of Science 36 (4):381-399.
Arthur B. Millman (1990). Falsification and Grünbaum's Duhemian Theses. Synthese 82 (1):23 - 52.
Jennifer Marshall, The Development of Contemporary Medical Genetics Research Models and the Need for Scientific Responsibility.
Darrell P. Rowbottom (2010). Corroboration and Auxiliary Hypotheses: Duhem's Thesis Revisited. Synthese 177 (1):139-149.
Husain Sarkar (2000). Empirical Equivalence and Underdetermination. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 14 (2):187 – 197.
Oseni Taiwo Afisi, The Problem of Induction and Karl Popper's Hypothetico-Deductive Methodology: A Critical Evaluation.
Sven Ove Hansson (2006). Falsificationism Falsified. Foundations of Science 11 (3):275-286.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads9 ( #363,552 of 1,906,921 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #277,703 of 1,906,921 )
How can I increase my downloads?