David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):1-38 (1999)
Preparing words in speech production is normally a fast and accurate process. We generate them two or three per second in fluent conversation; and overtly naming a clear picture of an object can easily be initiated within 600 msec after picture onset. The underlying process, however, is exceedingly complex. The theory reviewed in this target article analyzes this process as staged and feedforward. After a first stage of conceptual preparation, word generation proceeds through lexical selection, morphological and phonological encoding, phonetic encoding, and articulation itself. In addition, the speaker exerts some degree of output control, by monitoring of self-produced internal and overt speech. The core of the theory, ranging from lexical selection to the initiation of phonetic encoding, is captured in a computational model, called WEAVER++. Both the theory and the computational model have been developed in interaction with reaction time experiments, particularly in picture naming or related word production paradigms, with the aim of accounting for the real-time processing in normal word production. A comprehensive review of theory, model, and experiments is presented. The model can handle some of the main observations in the domain of speech errors (the major empirical domain for most other theories of lexical access), and the theory opens new ways of approaching the cerebral organization of speech production by way of high-temporal-resolution imaging
|Keywords||articulation brain imaging conceptual preparation lemma lexical access lexical concept lexical selection magnetic encephalography morpheme morphological encoding phoneme phonological encoding readiness potential self-monitoring speaking speech error syllabification weaver ++|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Hugo Mercier (2012). Looking for Arguments. Argumentation 26 (3):305-324.
Leendert van Maanen, Hedderik van Rijn & Niels Taatgen (2012). RACE/A: An Architectural Account of the Interactions Between Learning, Task Control, and Retrieval Dynamics. Cognitive Science 36 (1):62-101.
Ting Qian & T. Florian Jaeger (2012). Cue Effectiveness in Communicatively Efficient Discourse Production. Cognitive Science 36 (7):1312-1336.
Conrad Perry, Johannes C. Ziegler & Marco Zorzi (2013). A Computational and Empirical Investigation of Graphemes in Reading. Cognitive Science 37 (5):800-828.
Paul Smolensky, Matthew Goldrick & Donald Mathis (2014). Optimization and Quantization in Gradient Symbol Systems: A Framework for Integrating the Continuous and the Discrete in Cognition. Cognitive Science 38 (6):1102-1138.
Similar books and articles
Holly P. Branigan & Martin J. Pickering (2004). Syntactic Representation in the Lemma Stratum. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):296-297.
Peter C. Gordon (1999). Naming Versus Referring in the Selection of Words. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):44-44.
Jeffrey S. Bowers (1999). Grossberg and Colleagues Solved the Hyperonym Problem Over a Decade Ago. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):38-39.
Friedemann PulvermÜ & Ller (1999). Lexical Access as a Brain Mechanism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):52-54.
Gabriella Vigliocco & Marco Zorzi (1999). Contact Points Between Lexical Retrieval and Sentence Production. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):58-59.
Willem J. M. Levelt, Antje S. Meyer & Ardi Roelofs (2004). Relations of Lexical Access to Neural Implementation and Syntactic Encoding. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):299-301.
Friedemann Pulvermüller (2004). Lexical Access as a Brain Mechanism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):297-299.
Gary S. Dell, Victor S. Ferreira & Kathryn Bock (1999). Binding, Attention, and Exchanges. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):41-42.
Fernanda Ferreira (1999). Prosody and Word Production. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):43-44.
Willem J. M. Levelt, Ardi Roelofs & Antje S. Meyer (1999). Multiple Perspectives on Word Production. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):61-69.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads26 ( #67,011 of 1,101,746 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #23,391 of 1,101,746 )
How can I increase my downloads?