Epistemological issues in phenomenological research: How authoritative are people's accounts of their own perceptions?
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Philosophy of Education 40 (4):451–462 (2006)
Science tends to find a solution to the problem of the unreliability of human perception by understanding objectivity as the absence of subjectivity. However, from a phenomenological point of view, subjectivity is not so much a problem as an inevitable starting-point. That does not mean that the problem of the correctness of people’s accounts of their own perceptions is no problem at all—in fact the problem is so great that the authority of a person’s knowledge of his or her own mind can be doubted. The problem of subjectivity can only be solved when it is related to the problem of interpretation. Analyses of narratives are interpretations of interpretations. The phenomenologist must make sure that the data he or she analyses are lived interpretations and not interpretations of interpretations
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References found in this work BETA
Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1971). Le visible et l'invisible. Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 161:497-504.
Paul Ricoeur (1995). Oneself as Another. University of Chicago Press.
Gilbert Ryle (1949/2002). The Concept of Mind. Hutchinson and Co.
Ludwig Wittgenstein (1980). Remarks on the Philosophy of Psychology. Basil Blackwell.
Citations of this work BETA
K. I. M. Jeong-hee (2011). Understanding the Lived Experience of a Sioux Indian Male Adolescent: Toward the Pedagogy of Hermeneutical Phenomenology in Education. Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (6):630-648.
Jeong‐Hee Kim (2012). Understanding the Lived Experience of a Sioux Indian Male Adolescent: Toward the Pedagogy of Hermeneutical Phenomenology in Education. Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (6):630-648.
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