David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (5):293-300 (2014)
It is universally accepted in bioethics that doctors and other medical professionals have an obligation to procure the informed consent of their patients. Informed consent is required because patients have the moral right to autonomy in furthering the pursuit of their most important goals. In the present work, it is argued that evidence from psychology shows that human beings are subject to a number of biases and limitations as reasoners, which can be expected to lower the quality of their decisions and which therefore make it more difficult for them to pursue their most important goals by giving informed consent. It is further argued that patient autonomy is best promoted by constraining the informed consent procedure. By limiting the degree of freedom patients have to choose, the good that informed consent is supposed to protect can be promoted
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Saskia K. Nagel & Peter B. Reiner (2013). Autonomy Support to Foster Individuals' Flourishing. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (6):36 - 37.
Barbro Fröding & Niklas Juth (2015). Cognitive Enhancement and the Principle of Need. Neuroethics 8 (3):231-242.
K. Boyd (2015). The Impossibility of Informed Consent? Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (1):44-47.
Connie M. Ulrich, Sarah J. Ratcliffe, Gwenyth Wallen, Qiuping Zhou, Kathleen Knafl & Christine Grady (forthcoming). Cancer Clinical Trial Participants and Assessment of Risks and Benefits. Ajob Empirical Bioethics:00-00.
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