David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of the History of Biology 37 (2):259 - 301 (2004)
In 1937, a group of researchers in Nazi Germany began investigating tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) with the hope of using the virus as a model system for understanding gene behavior in higher organisms. They soon developed a creative and interdisciplinary work style and were able to continue their research in the postwar era, when they made significant contributions to the history of molecular biology. This group is significant for two major reasons. First, it provides an example of how researchers were able to produce excellent scientific research in the midst of dictatorship and war. Coupled with the group's ongoing success in postwar Germany, the German TMV investigators provide a dramatic example of how scientific communities deal with adversity as well as rapid political and social change. Second, since the researchers focused heavily (though not exclusively) on TMV, their story allows us to analyze how an experimental system other than phage contributed to the emergence of molecular biology.
|Keywords||Adolf Butenandt Germany history molecular biology National Socialism tobacco mosaic virus|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Jérôme Pierrel (2012). An RNA Phage Lab: MS2 in Walter Fiers' Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Ghent, From Genetic Code to Gene and Genome, 1963-1976. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 45 (1):109 - 138.
Similar books and articles
Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (2010). An Epistemology of the Concrete: Twentieth-Century Histories of Life. Duke University Press.
Rachel A. Ankeny (2003). Angela N.H. Creager,The Life of a Virus: Tobacco Mosaic Virus as an Experimental Model, 1930–1965. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002. [REVIEW] Metascience 12 (3):341-344.
U. Deichmann (2002). Emigration, Isolation and the Slow Start of Molecular Biology in Germany. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 33 (3):449-471.
Ton van Helvoort (1991). What is a Virus? The Case of Tobacco Mosaic Disease. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 22 (4):557-588.
J. B. (2002). Institutionalizing Molecular Biology in Post-War Europe: A Comparative Study. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 33 (3):515-546.
Juha Tuunainen (2001). Constructing Objects and Transforming Experimental Systems. Perspectives on Science 9 (1):78-105.
J. M. (2002). National Politics and International Trends: EMBO and the Making of Molecular Biology in Spain (1960-1975). Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 33 (3):473-487.
S. Chadarevian (2002). Reconstructing Life. Molecular Biology in Postwar Britain. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 33 (3):431-448.
Joel B. Hagen (1999). Naturalists, Molecular Biologists, and the Challenges of Molecular Evolution. Journal of the History of Biology 32 (2):321 - 341.
U. Deichmann (1996). Auswirkungen des Nationalsozialismus Auf Die Genetische Forschung in Deutschland. Biologisches Zentralblatt 115 (2-3):153-161.
Richard Novak (2004). Human Immunodeficiency Virus: Biology, Immunology and Therapy (Review). Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 47 (2):305-308.
U. Deichmann (2007). Collective Phenomena and the Neglect of Molecules: A Historical Outlook on Biology. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 29 (1):83-86.
Elof Axel Carlson (1971). An Unacknowledged Founding of Molecular Biology: H. J. Muller's Contributions to Gene Theory, 1910-1936. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 4 (1):149 - 170.
E. M. (1999). The Prion Challenge to the `Central Dogma' of Molecular Biology, 1965-1991 - Part I: Prelude to Prions. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 30 (1):1-19.
Scott Podolsky (1996). The Role of the Virus in Origin-of-Life Theorizing. Journal of the History of Biology 29 (1):79 - 126.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads5 ( #242,222 of 1,168,018 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #140,193 of 1,168,018 )
How can I increase my downloads?