Indian Science for Indian Tigers?: Conservation Biology and the Question of Cultural Values [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of the History of Biology 38 (2):185 - 207 (2005)
The implementation of Project Tiger in India, 1973-1974, was justly hailed as a triumph of international environmental advocacy. It occurred as a growing number of conservation-oriented biologists were beginning to argue forcefully for scientifically managed conservation of species and ecosystems -- the same scientists who would, by the mid-1980s, call themselves conservation biologists. Although India accepted international funds to implement Project Tiger, it strictly limited research posts to Government of India Foresters, against the protests of Indian and US biologists who hoped to conduct the scientific studies that would lead to better management and thus more effective conservation of the tiger. The foresters were not trained to conduct research, and in fact did not produce any of significance for the first 15 years of Project Tiger's existence. The failure of biologists to gain access to India's tigers in the 1970s was caused by many factors, but not least among them was a history of disdain among conservation-oriented biologists for government officials managing reserves, and the local politics of conservation. Project Tiger, then, serves as a case study for the discussion of the intersection of conservation biology with non-scientific concerns, including nationalism and the desire of the Indian government to more completely control its land.
|Keywords||Bombay Natural History Society Conservation Biology India Indian Forestry Service Indira Gandhi Project Tiger Smithsonian Institution|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Jay Odenbaugh (2003). Values, Advocacy and Conservation Biology. Environmental Values 12 (1):55 - 69.
K. S. Shrader-Frechette & E. D. Mccoy (1994). Biodiversity, Biological Uncertainty, and Setting Conservation Priorities. Biology and Philosophy 9 (2):167-195.
Anya Plutynski (2007). A Philosopher Goes Wild. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 38 (1):289-296.
Stefan Linquist (2008). But is It Progress? On the Alleged Advances of Conservation Biology Over Ecology. Biology and Philosophy 23 (4):529-544.
Bryan G. Norton (2003). Searching for Sustainability: Interdisciplinary Essays in the Philosophy of Conservation Biology. Cambridge University Press.
John Hintz (2007). Some Political Problems for Rewilding Nature. Ethics, Place and Environment 10 (2):177 – 216.
Sahotra Sarkar (2005). Biodiversity and Environmental Philosophy: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press.
Peter S. Alagona (2004). Biography of a "Feathered Pig": The California Condor Conservation Controversy. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 37 (3):557 - 583.
Hanna Siurua (2006). Nature Above People: Rolston and "Fortress" Conservation in the South. Ethics and the Environment 11 (1):71-96.
Jane Carruthers (2008). Conservation and Wildlife Management in South African National Parks 1930s-1960s. Journal of the History of Biology 41 (2):203 - 236.
Jay Odenbaugh (2001). Ecological Stability, Model Building, and Environmental Policy: A Reply to Some of the Pessimism. Philosophy of Science 68 (S1):S493-.
Sungho Choi (2003). The Conserved Quantity Theory of Causation and Closed Systems. Philosophy of Science 70 (3):510-530.
William F. Vallicella (2002). The Creation–Conservation Dilemma and Presentist Four-Dimensionalism. Religious Studies 38 (2):187-200.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads23 ( #87,233 of 1,679,301 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #183,793 of 1,679,301 )
How can I increase my downloads?