David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal for General Philosophy of Science 23 (2):241-263 (1992)
Several, seemingly unrelated problems of empirical research in the 'sociology of scientific knowledge' can be analyzed as following from initial assumptions with respect to the status of the knowledge content of science. These problems involve: (1) the relation between the level of the scientific field and the group level; (2) the boundaries and the status of 'contexts', and (3) the emergence of so-called 'asymmetry' in discourse analysis. It is suggested that these problems can be clarified by allowing for cognitive factors as independent ('heterogeneous') variables, in addition to and in interaction with (i.e., not only as attributes of) social factors. In the 'sociology of translation', 'heterogeneity' among scientists, cognitions and textual elements has been made a basic assumption. This heterogeneity is bound together in an 'actor network'. However, since the 'actor network' is an empirical category, the methodological problems remain unresolved. This has consequences for the relation between empirical data and theoretical inferences
|Keywords||sociology of science sociology of translation knowledge representations strong programme scientometrics methodology|
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References found in this work BETA
David Bloor (1991). Knowledge and Social Imagery. University of Chicago Press.
David Bloor (1983). Wittgenstein: A Social Theory of Knowledge. Columbia University Press.
H. M. Collins (1992). Epistemological Chicken HM Collins and Steven Yearley. In Andrew Pickering (ed.), Science as Practice and Culture. University of Chicago Press. 301.
Harry M. Collins & Trevor J. Pinch (1979). The Construction of the Paranormal: Nothing Unscientific is Happening. In Roy Wallis (ed.), On the Margins of Science: The Social Construction of Rejected Knowledge. University of Keele. 27--237.
Citations of this work BETA
Loet Leydesdorff (1994). What is Represented by the Representations? Social Epistemology 8 (2):117 – 121.
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