David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Oxford University Press (2012)
What is the role of language in human cognition? Could we attain self-consciousness and construct our civilisation without language? Such were the questions at the basis of eighteenth-century debates on the joint evolution of language, mind, and culture. Language and Enlightenment highlights the importance of language in the social theory, epistemology, and aesthetics of the Enlightenment. While focusing on the Berlin Academy under Frederick the Great, Avi Lifschitz situates the Berlin debates within a larger temporal and geographical framework. He argues that awareness of the historicity and linguistic rootedness of all forms of life was a mainstream Enlightenment notion rather than a feature of the so-called 'Counter-Enlightenment'. Enlightenment authors of different persuasions investigated whether speechless human beings could have developed their language and society on their own. Such inquiries usually pondered the difficult shift from natural signs like cries and gestures to the artificial, articulate words of human language. This transition from nature to artifice was mirrored in other domains of inquiry, such as the origins of social relations, inequality, the arts and the sciences. By examining a wide variety of authors - Leibniz, Wolff, Condillac, Rousseau, Michaelis, and Herder, among others - Language and Enlightenment emphasises the open and malleable character of the eighteenth-century Republic of Letters. The language debates demonstrate that German theories of culture and language were not merely a rejection of French ideas. New notions of the genius of language and its role in cognition were constructed through a complex interaction with cross-European currents, especially via the prize contests at the Berlin Academy.
|Keywords||Enlightenment Language Naturalism Rousseau Condillac Herder Michaelis Berlin|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Buy the book||$82.03 used (26% off) $84.13 new (24% off) $93.52 direct from Amazon (15% off) Amazon page|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Alexander Schmidt (2012). Scholarship, Morals and Government: Jean-Henri-Samuel Formey's and Johann Gottfried Herder's Responses to Rousseau's First Discourse. Modern Intellectual History 9 (2):249-274.
Similar books and articles
Avi Lifschitz (2012). The Arbitrariness of the Linguistic Sign: Variations on an Enlightenment Theme. Journal of the History of Ideas 73 (4):537-557.
Avi S. Lifschitz (2009). The Enlightenment Revival of the Epicurean History of Language and Civilisation. In Neven Leddy & Avi S. Lifschitz (eds.), Epicurus in the Enlightenment. Voltaire Foundation.
Avi Lifschitz (2010). The Enlightenment’s ‘Experimental Metaphysics’: Inquiries Into the Origins and History of Language. In Tristan Coignard Alicia C. Montoya & Peggy David (eds.), Lumières et histoire / Enlightenment and History.
Avi Lifschitz (2014). Language. In Aaron Garrett (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Eighteenth-Century Philosophy. Routledge. 663-683.
Bernard Yack (2013). The Significance of Isaiah Berlin's Counter-Enlightenment. European Journal of Political Theory 12 (1):49-60.
Avi S. Lifschitz (2007). From the Corruption of French to the Cultural Distinctiveness of German: The Controversy Over Prémontval’s Préservatif (1759). Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century (2007:06):265-290.
Graeme Garrard (2006). Counter-Enlightenments: From the Eighteenth-Century to the Present. Routledge.
Ulrich Ricken (1994). Linguistics, Anthropology, and Philosophy in the French Enlightenment: Language Theory and Ideology. Routledge.
B. W. Young (1998). Religion and Enlightenment in Eighteenth-Century England: Theological Debate From Locke to Burke. Clarendon Press.
Avi Lifschitz (2010). Translation in Theory and Practice: The Case of Johann David Michaelis’s Prize Essay on Language and Opinions (1759). In Stefanie Stockhorst (ed.), Cultural Transfer through Translation: The Circulation of Enlightened Thought in Europe by Means of Translation. Rodopi.
Neven Leddy & Avi Lifschitz (eds.) (2009). Epicurus in the Enlightenment. Voltaire Foundation.
Avi Lifschitz (2010). Translation in Theory and Practice: The Case of Johann David Michaelis’s Prize Essay on Language and Opinions (1759). In Stefanie Stockhorst (ed.), Cultural Transfer through Translation. Rodopi.
Norman Geras & Robert Wokler (eds.) (1999). The Enlightenment and Modernity. St. Martin's Press.
Stephen Miller (2001). Three Deaths and Enlightenment Thought: Hume, Johnson, Marat. Associated University Presses.
Etienne Bonnot de Condillac (2001). Essay on the Origin of Human Knowledge. Cambridge University Press.
Added to index2012-02-26
Total downloads11 ( #154,897 of 1,410,536 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #178,988 of 1,410,536 )
How can I increase my downloads?