David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 5 (4):463-499 (1996)
In the typical single-stimulus perceptual identification task, accuracy is improved by prior study of test words, a repetition priming benefit. There is also a cost, inasmuch as previously studied words are likely to be produced as responses if the test word is orthographically similar but not identical to a studied word. In two-alternative forced-choice perceptual identification, a test word is flashed and followed by two alternatives, one of which is the correct response. When the two alternatives are orthographically similar, test words identical to previously studied items are identified more accurately than new words but tests words orthographically similar to studied words are identified less accurately than new words . Ratcliff and McKoon argue that these are bias effects that arise in the decision stage of word identification. We report five experiments that examined the alternative hypothesis that these bias effects arise from postperceptual guessing strategies. In single-stimulus perceptual identification, repetition priming benefits were equally great for young and older adults who claimed to use deliberate guessing strategies and those who did not . In contrast, only groups of young and older people who claimed to deliberately guess studied words in a two-alternative forced-choice task showed reliable benefits and costs. Costs and benefits were abolished in the two-alternative forced-choice task when a very long study list was used, presumably because the increased retrieval burden made the use of deliberate guessing strategies less attractive . Under conditions similar to those of Experiment 3, repetition priming was observed in single-stimulus perceptual identification . These results are consistent with the view that costs and benefits in the forced-choice perceptual identification task arise from deliberate guessing strategies but that those in the single-stimulus task do not. The possibility that the observed relationship between strategy reports and priming effects reflects erroneous postexperimental assessments of strategies by participants is also considered
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Leah L. Light & Robert F. Kennison (1996). Guessing Strategies in Perceptual Identification: A Reply to McKoon and Ratcliff. Consciousness and Cognition 5 (4):512-524.
J. Palmer, C. Mohr, P. Krummenacher & P. Brugger (2007). Implicit Learning of Sequential Bias in a Guessing Task: Failure to Demonstrate Effects of Dopamine Administration and Paranormal Belief☆. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):498-506.
Jocelyn Faubert & Armando Bertone (2004). A Common Link Between Aging, Schizophrenia, and Autism? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):593-594.
Timothy F. Murphy (1986). A Cure for Aging? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (3):237-255.
Norman Daniels (1998). Does Economics Provide a Unified Account of Aging Behavior and Aging Policy?:Aging and Old Age. Richard Posner. Ethics 108 (3):569-.
Fernando Suárez Müller (2007). On Futuristic Gerontology: A Philosophical Evaluation of Aubrey de Grey's SENS Project. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (2):225-239.
Mirna Džamonja & Saharon Shelah (1999). Similar but Not the Same: Various Versions of ♣ Do Not Coincide. Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (1):180 - 198.
Tetsuya Ishiu (2005). Club Guessing Sequences and Filters. Journal of Symbolic Logic 70 (4):1037-1071.
Urszula Żegleń (2008). Perceptual Identification - Representational or Not? Polish Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):117-136.
Mohan Matthen (2010). How Things Look (And What Things Look That Way). In Bence Nanay (ed.), Perceiving the World. Oxford University Press 226.
Zachary Davis (2009). Aging and Social Justice. Journal of Philosophy: A Cross-Disciplinary Inquiry 4 (10):46-54.
Walter Jacob & Moshe Zemer (eds.) (1998). Aging and the Aged in Jewish Law: Essays and Responsa. Rodef Shalom Press.
Janne Chung & Gary S. Monroe (2003). Exploring Social Desirability Bias. Journal of Business Ethics 44 (4):291 - 302.
Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
Added to index2011-11-01
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?