David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 85 (2):303 - 323 (2009)
Organizations that believe they should "give something back" to the society have embraced the concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR). Although the theoretical underpinnings of CSR have been frequently debated, empirical studies often involve only limited aspects, implying that theory may not be congruent with actual practices and may impede understanding and further development of CSR. The authors investigate actual CSR practices related to five different stakeholder groups, develop an instrument to measure those CSR practices, and apply it to a survey of 401 U.S. organizations. Four different clusters of organizations emerge, depending on the CSR practice focus. The distinctive features of each cluster relate to organizational demographics, perceived influence of stakeholders, managers' perceptions of the influence of CSR on performance, and organizational performance.
|Keywords||Corporate social responsibility practices stakeholders U.S. performance outcomes survey|
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References found in this work BETA
Elisabet Garriga & Domènec Melé (2004). Corporate Social Responsibility Theories: Mapping the Territory. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 53 (1-2):51-71.
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Citations of this work BETA
Ye Cai, Hoje Jo & Carrie Pan (2012). Doing Well While Doing Bad? CSR in Controversial Industry Sectors. Journal of Business Ethics 108 (4):467 - 480.
Hoje Jo & Haejung Na (2012). Does CSR Reduce Firm Risk? Evidence From Controversial Industry Sectors. Journal of Business Ethics 110 (4):441-456.
Min-Dong Paul Lee (2011). Configuration of External Influences: The Combined Effects of Institutions and Stakeholders on Corporate Social Responsibility Strategies. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 102 (2):281-298.
Adam Lindgreen, François Maon, Jon Reast & Mirella Yani-De-Soriano (2012). Guest Editorial: Corporate Social Responsibility in Controversial Industry Sectors. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 110 (4):393-395.
Mojca Duh, Jernej Belak & Borut Milfelner (2010). Core Values, Culture and Ethical Climate as Constitutional Elements of Ethical Behaviour: Exploring Differences Between Family and Non-Family Enterprises. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 97 (3):473 - 489.
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