David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Inquiry 29 (September):325-344 (1986)
According to Paul Ricoeur, the Freudian unconscious invalidates the ability of Husserlian phenomenology to explicate human psychology. The stumbling block is said to be the mechanism of repression, which can not only obviate conscious access to certain ideas and motives but also distort consciousness itself. The whole enterprise of phenomenology would seem to be at stake. But we must carefully distinguish being a conscious object from being a conscious process. By means of ?micro?phenomenology?, the reflective analysis of focal dynamics, I shall try to reconstruct the so?called unconscious as certain conscious processes we are unable to reflect on as conscious objects. This reconstruction utilizes two motivational principles of attention, motive attraction and motive repulsion, which affect the manner in which attention addresses its object. The principles explain how reflective consciousness can be so repelled by certain directly conscious events that it withdraws with subliminal rapidity, leaving those events reflectively unconscious. Various sorts of evidence, including experimental results in subliminal psychology, can be used to support this phenomenological hypothesis. Though hypothetical, the theory at least demonstrates that the existence of unconscious processes is not an a priori basis for dismissing phenomenological methodology
|Keywords||Metaphysics Phenomenology Unconscious Freud Ricoeur, P|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Troy A. W. Visser & Philip M. Merikle (1999). Conscious and Unconscious Processes: The Effects of Motivation. Consciousness and Cognition 8 (1):94-113.
Ron Sun (2002). The Emergence of Consciousness: BUC Versus SOC. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):355-356.
Peter Schwankl (1973). On the Phenomenology of the Unconscious. Human Context 5:318-329.
Lewis White Beck (1966). Conscious and Unconscious Motives. Mind 75 (April):155-179.
Alexandre Billon (2011). Have We Vindicated the Motivational Unconscious Yet? A Conceptual Review. Frontiers in Psychoanalysis and Neuropsychoanalysis 2.
Gezinus Wolters & R. Hans Phaf (2002). Contrasts and Dissociations Suggest Qualitative Differences Between Conscious and Unconscious Processes. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):359-360.
Andreas Wildt (2007). Unconscious Knowledge of One's Own Mind: A Neglected Element in Freud's Theory of the Unconscious. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (s 5-6):127-151.
Uriah Kriegel (2011). Cognitive Phenomenology as the Basis of Unconscious Content. In T. Bayne & M. Montague (eds.), Cognitive Phenomenology. Oxford University Press. 79--102.
Rudolf Bernet (2002). Unconscious Consciousness in Husserl and Freud. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 1 (3):327-351.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads37 ( #51,601 of 1,140,280 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #142,694 of 1,140,280 )
How can I increase my downloads?