David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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American Journal of Bioethics 9 (3):19 – 27 (2009)
Prior to passage of the Oregon Death with Dignity Act, opponents of assistance in dying argued that legalization would have serious harmful consequences. Specifically, they argued that the quality and availability of palliative care would decline, that the harms of legalization would affect certain vulnerable groups disproportionately, that legal assisted dying could not be confined to the competent terminally ill who voluntarily request assistance, and that the practice would result in frequent abuses. Data from Oregon's decade-long experience decisively refute the first three predictions. As to abuses, the record is not quite as clear, but if an appropriate framework for analysis is utilized, the most reasonable conclusion is that the risks of abuse do not outweigh the benefits of legalization. To the extent projected harmful consequences are relevant to the debate over legalization, Oregon's experience argues in favor of legalization of assistance in dying.
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References found in this work BETA
M. P. Battin, A. van Der Heide, L. Ganzini, G. van Der Wal & B. D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen (2007). Legal Physician-Assisted Dying in Oregon and the Netherlands: Evidence Concerning the Impact on Patients in "Vulnerable" Groups. Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (10):591-597.
Linda Ganzini, Thomasz M. Beer, Matthew Brouns, Motomi Mori & Y. C. Hsieh (2006). Interest in Physician-Assisted Suicide Among Oregon Cancer Patients. Journal of Clinical Ethics 17 (1):27.
Linda Ganzini & S. K. Dobscha (2004). Clarifying Distinctions Between Contemplating and Completing Physician-Assisted Suicide. Journal of Clinical Ethics 15 (2):119.
Leon R. Kass (1993). Is There a Right to Die? Hastings Center Report 23 (1):34-43.
Edmund D. Pellegrino (1992). Doctors Must Not Kill. Journal of Clinical Ethics 3 (2):95.
Citations of this work BETA
James Duffy (2009). Physician-Assisted Dying—What Would Aristotle Do? American Journal of Bioethics 9 (3):30 – 31.
John J. Paris (2009). Why Involve Physicians in Assisted Suicide? American Journal of Bioethics 9 (3):32 – 34.
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