Graduate studies at Western
Thinking and Reasoning 12 (4):413 – 430 (2006)
|Abstract||The present study tested the existence of a cognitive schema that guides people's evaluations of the likelihood that observed problem-solving processes will succeed. The hypothesised schema consisted of attributes that were found to distinguish between retrospective case reports of successful and unsuccessful real world problem solving (Lipshitz & Bar Ilan, 1996). Participants were asked to evaluate the likelihood of success of identical cases of problem solving that differed in the presence or absence of diagnosis, the selection of appropriate or inappropriate solutions, and the pairing of diagnosis with appropriate or non-appropriate solutions. Consistent with the proposition, diagnosis affected perceived likelihood of success, albeit only when solution quality was held constant, and appropriate diagnosis with a compatible solution produced higher perceived likelihood of success than appropriate diagnosis with incompatible solutions. In addition, results showed that solution quality played a significant role, and that compatibility with a six-phase rational model of problem solving played no role in judging likelihood of success.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Lisa M. Osbeck & Nancy J. Nersessian (forthcoming). Affective Problem Solving: Emotion in Research Practice. Mind and Society.
Alvin I. Goldman (1983). Epistemology and the Theory of Problem Solving. Synthese 55 (1):21 - 48.
Mareike B. Wieth & Rose T. Zacks (2011). Time of Day Effects on Problem Solving: When the Non-Optimal is Optimal. Thinking and Reasoning 17 (4):387 - 401.
Magda Osman (2008). Observation Can Be as Effective as Action in Problem Solving. Cognitive Science 32 (1):162-183.
Vanessa J. Clarke Koen Lamberts (1997). Strategy Shifts and Expertise in Solving Transformation Rule Problems. Thinking and Reasoning 3 (4):271 – 290.
M. A. van Rees (2003). Pragma-Dialectical Analysis and Evaluation of Problem-Solving Discussion. Argumentation 17 (4):465-479.
Dongming Xu (2010). Beyond Simon's Means-Ends Analysis: Natural Creativity and the Unanswered 'Why' in the Design of Intelligent Systems for Problem-Solving. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 20 (3):327-347.
Robert Arp (2005). Scenario Visualization: One Explanation of Creative Problem Solving. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (3):31-60.
Thomas Nickles (2000). Kuhnian Puzzle Solving and Schema Theory. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):255.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads8 ( #132,074 of 749,976 )
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?