Graduate studies at Western
|Abstract||Behaviourism is the view that preferences, beliefs, and other mental states in social-scientific theories are nothing but constructs re-describing people's behavioural dispositions. Mentalism is the view that they capture real phenomena, no less existent than the unobservable entities and properties in the natural sciences, such as electrons and electromagnetic fields. While behaviourism has long gone out of fashion in psychology and linguistics, it remains influential in economics, especially in `revealed preference' theory. We aim to (i) clear up some common confusions about the two views, (ii) situate the debate in a historical context, and (iii) defend a mentalist approach to economics. Setting aside normative concerns about behaviourism, we show that mentalism is in line with best scientific practice even if economics is treated as a purely positive science of economic behaviour. We distinguish mentalism from, and reject, the radical neuroeconomic view that behaviour should be explained in terms of people's brain processes, as distinct from their mental states.|
|Keywords||Mentalism Behaviourism Revealed preference Decision theory Naturalism Non-reductive physicalism Neuroeconomics Belief-desire models|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
Similar books and articles
Juan Comesaña (2005). We Are (Almost) All Externalists Now. Philosophical Perspectives 19 (1):59–76.
Sean Crawford (2013). The Myth of Logical Behaviourism and the Origins of the Identity Theory. In Michael Beaney (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Analytic Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
Daniel M. Hausman (2000). Revealed Preference, Belief, and Game Theory. Economics and Philosophy 16 (1):99-115.
Harry Beatty (1974). Behaviourism, Mentalism, and Quine's Indeterminacy Thesis. Philosophical Studies 26 (2):97 - 110.
Ausonio Marras (1976). Sellars' Behaviourism: A Reply to Fred Wilson. Philosophical Studies 30 (December):413-418.
Denis J. Hilton (2001). Is the Challenge for Psychologists to Return to Behaviourism? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):415-416.
Alex Byrne (1996). Behaviourism. In S. D. Guttenplan (ed.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Mind. Blackwell.
Declan Smithies (2012). Mentalism and Epistemic Transparency. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (4):723-741.
Rowland Stout (2003). Behaviourism. Think 5.
Daniel D. Novotny (2007). Searle on the Unity of the World. Axiomathes 17 (1):41-51.
Beth Preston (1994). Behaviorism and Mentalism: Is There a Third Alternative? Synthese 100 (2):167-96.
Karen Green (1999). Was Wittgenstein Frege's Heir? Philosophical Quarterly 50 (196):289-308.
James W. Haag (2006). Between Physicalism and Mentalism: Philip Clayton on Mind and Emergence. Zygon 41 (3):633-647.
Theo C. Meyering (1997). Fodor's Information Semantics Between Naturalism and Mentalism. Inquiry 40 (2):187-207.
D. J. Howard (1986). The New Mentalism. International Philosophical Quarterly 26 (December):353-7.
Added to index2012-09-30
Total downloads10 ( #114,394 of 723,270 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #26,098 of 723,270 )
How can I increase my downloads?