David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Asian Philosophy 19 (2):173 – 188 (2009)
Confucius, Mencius, and Xunzi regard the human as an emotional being and especially consider such moral feelings as humane love, filial piety and devoted loyalty to be the constituent elements of humanity. On the one hand, they try to integrate the corresponding multiple roles of the humane person, filial son and loyal subject in harmony in order to make one become a true human in the ethical sense; on the other hand, they assign a supreme position merely to filial piety or loyalty in cases of conflict because they regard one's parents or ruler as the greatest root of one's life, respectively. As a result, their ideas about humanity fall into some in-depth moral paradoxes, which might be resolved by a post-Confucian transformation of the traditional Confucian framework from particularistic consanguinism to universalistic humanism
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References found in this work BETA
D. C. Lau (ed.) (2000). Confucius: The Analects. Columbia University Press.
David L. Hall & Roger T. Ames (1991). Thinking Through Confucius. Philosophy East and West 41 (2):241-254.
Benjamin I. Schwartz (1985). The World of Thought in Ancient China. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Kwong-loi Shun (1997). Mencius and Early Chinese Thought. Stanford University Press.
Herbert Fingarette (1972). Confucius--The Secular as Sacred. New York,Harper & Row.
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