David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1059-1083 (2011)
If both waking and dreaming consciousness are functional, their de-differentiation would be doubly detrimental. Differentiation between waking and dreaming is achieved through neuromodulation. During dreaming, without external sensory data and with mesolimbic dopaminergic input, hyper-cholinergic input almost totally suppresses the aminergic system. During waking, with sensory gates open, aminergic modulation inhibits cholinergic and mesocortical dopaminergic suppresses mesolimbic. These neuromodulatory systems are reciprocally interactive and self-organizing. As a consequence of neuromodulatory reciprocity, phenomenologically, the self and the world that appear during dreaming differ from those that emerge during waking. As a result of self-organizing, the self and the world in both states are integrated.Some loss of self-organization would precipitate a degree of de-differentiation between waking and dreaming, resulting in a hybrid state which would be expressed heterogeneously, both neurobiologically and phenomenologically. As a consequence of progressive de-differentiation, certain identifiable psychiatric disorders may emerge. Ultimately, schizophrenia, a disorganized-fragmented self, may result
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Bernard J. Baars (2002). The Conscious Access Hypothesis: Origins and Recent Evidence. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (1):47-52.
Daniel J. Simons & Christopher Chabris (1999). Gorillas in Our Midst: Sustained Inattentional Blindness for Dynamic Events. Perception 28 (9):1059-1074.
Louis A. Sass & Josef Parnas (2003). Schizophrenia, Consciousness, and the Self. Schizophrenia Bulletin 29 (3):427-444.
Bernard J. Baars (2006). Global Workspace Theory of Consciousness: Toward a Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Experience? In Steven Laureys (ed.), Boundaries of Consciousness. Elsevier
Citations of this work BETA
S. Llewellyn (2013). Such Stuff as Dreams Are Made On? Elaborative Encoding, the Ancient Art of Memory, and the Hippocampus. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):589-607.
Sue Llewellyn (2013). Such Stuff as REM and NREM Dreams Are Made On? An Elaboration. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):634-659.
Similar books and articles
Valdas Noreika (2011). Dreaming and Waking Experiences in Schizophrenia: How Should the (Dis)Continuity Hypotheses Be Approached Empirically? Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):349-352.
Thomas Metzinger & Jennifer Michelle Windt (2007). Dreams. In D. Barrett & P. McNamara (eds.), The New Science of Dreaming. Praeger Publishers
J. Allan Hobson, Edward F. Pace-Schott & Robert Stickgold (2003). Dreaming and the Brain: Toward a Cognitive Neuroscience of Conscious States. In Edward F. Pace-Schott, Mark Solms, Mark Blagrove & Stevan Harnad (eds.), Sleep and Dreaming: Scientific Advances and Reconsiderations. Cambridge University Press 793-842.
David Kahn & J. Allan Hobson (2003). State Dependence of Character Perception: Implausibility Differences in Dreaming and Waking Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (3):57-68.
J. Allan Hobson, Edward F. Pace-Schott & Robert Stickgold (2000). Dreaming and the Brain: Toward a Cognitive Neuroscience of Conscious States. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):793-842; 904-1018; 1083-1121.
John S. Antrobus (2000). How Does the Dreaming Brain Explain the Dreaming Mind? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):904-907.
Milton Kramer (2000). Dreaming has Content and Meaning Not Just Form. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):959-961.
M. J. Baker (1954). Sleeping and Waking. Mind 63 (October):539-543.
W. von Leyden (1956). Sleeping and Waking. Mind 65 (April):241-245.
Margaret Macdonald (1953). Sleeping and Waking. Mind 62 (April):202-215.
Ernest Hartmann (2000). The Waking-to-Dreaming Continuum and the Effects of Emotion. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):947-950.
Claude Gottesmann (2005). Waking Hallucinations Could Correspond to a Mild Form of Dreaming Sleep Stage Hallucinatory Activity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):766-767.
Brian O'Shaughnessy (2002). Dreaming. Inquiry 45 (4):399-432.
Tracey L. Kahan & S. LaBerge (1996). Cognition and Metacognition in Dreaming and Waking: Comparisons of First and Third-Person Ratings. Dreaming 6:235-249.
Tracey L. Kahan & Stephen P. LaBerge (2011). Dreaming and Waking: Similarities and Differences Revisited. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):494-514.
Added to index2011-08-16
Total downloads29 ( #135,209 of 1,796,251 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #137,388 of 1,796,251 )
How can I increase my downloads?