David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Communication and Cognition 30 (3-4):273-284 (1997)
Our heads are full of representations, according to cognitive science. It might seem inevitable that conscious states are a type of brain-based representation, but in this paper I argue that representation and consciousness each form conceptually distinct domains. Representational content depends on context, usually causal, as shown by familiar cases in which context varies while brain states do not -- twin earth cases and brains-in-vats, for example. But these same cases show that conscious content does not depend on context. The vatted brain, for example, enjoys the same experiences as its in vivo counterpart. The structure of experience -- its parts and their distinctive characters -- is the dynamic structure of the brain, viewed "from within." I call this position methodological phenomenalism (MP), and consider its prospects as a foundation for a science of consciousness. I close with a consideration of MP on the subjective "character" of conscious states. Turning away from representation dissolves the perplexity of subjectivity, leaving hopeful prospects for the scientific study of consciousness
|Keywords||Brain Cognitive Science Consciousness Content Metaphysics|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Max Velmans (2001). A Natural Account of Phenomenal Consciousness. Communication and Cognition 34 (1):39-59.
Paul L. Nunez (2010). Brain, Mind, and the Structure of Reality. Oxford University Press.
Andrew R. Bailey (2007). Representation and a Science of Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (1):62-76.
Antti Revonsuo (1993). Is There a Ghost in the Cognitive Machinery? Philosophical Psychology 6 (4):387-405.
Peter G. Grossenbacher (ed.) (1997). Finding Consciousness in the Brain: A Neurocognitive Approach. John Benjamins.
Denise Gamble (1997). P-Consciousness Presentation/a-Consciousness Representation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):149-150.
Dan Lloyd (1999). Consciousness Should Not Mean, but Be. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):158-159.
Timo Järvilehto (2001). Feeling as Knowing--Part II: Emotion, Consciousness and Brain Activity. Consciousness and Emotion. Special Issue 2 (1):75-102.
David J. Chalmers (2004). How Can We Construct a Science of Consciousness? In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences Iii. Mit Press. 1111--1119.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads21 ( #92,945 of 1,410,450 )
Recent downloads (6 months)8 ( #28,482 of 1,410,450 )
How can I increase my downloads?