Confirmation and Robustness of Climate Models

Philosophy of Science 77 (5):971–984 (2010)
Abstract
Recent philosophical attention to climate models has highlighted their weaknesses and uncertainties. Here I address the ways that models gain support through observational data. I review examples of model fit, variety of evidence, and independent support for aspects of the models, contrasting my analysis with that of other philosophers. I also investigate model robustness, which often emerges when comparing climate models simulating the same time period or set of conditions. Starting from Michael Weisberg’s analysis of robustness, I conclude that his approach involves a version of reasoning from variety of evidence, enabling this robustness to be a confirmatory virtue..
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References found in this work BETA
Ryan Muldoon (2007). Robust Simulations. Philosophy of Science 74 (5):873-883.
Wendy S. Parker (2009). Confirmation and Adequacy-for-Purpose in Climate Modelling. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 83 (1):233-249.

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Citations of this work BETA
Stephen M. Downes (2011). Scientific Models. Philosophy Compass 6 (11):757-764.
Joel Katzav (2013). Severe Testing of Climate Change Hypotheses. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (4):433-441.

View all 7 citations

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