Confirmation of ecological and evolutionary models

Biology and Philosophy 2 (3):277-293 (1987)
In this paper I distinguish various ways in which empirical claims about evolutionary and ecological models can be supported by data. I describe three basic factors bearing on confirmation of empirical claims: fit of the model to data; independent testing of various aspects of the model, and variety of evident. A brief description of the kinds of confirmation is followed by examples of each kind, drawn from a range of evolutionary and ecological theories. I conclude that the greater complexity and precision of my approach, as compared to, for instance, a Popperian approach, can facilitate detailed analysis and comparison of empirical claims.
Keywords Confirmation  testing  evolution  models
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DOI 10.1007/BF00128834
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PhilPapers Archive Elisabeth A. Lloyd, Confirmation of ecological and evolutionary models
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Ernst Mayr (1963). Animal Species and Evolution. Belknap of Harvard University Press.

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