David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2008)
The 17th Century English philosopher Thomas Hobbes is now widely regarded as one of a handful of truly great political philosophers, whose masterwork Leviathan rivals in significance the political writings of Plato, Aristotle, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, and Rawls. Hobbes is famous for his early and elaborate development of what has come to be known as “social contract theory”, the method of justifying political principles or arrangements by appeal to the agreement that would be made among suitably situated rational, free, and equal persons. He is infamous for having used the social contract method to arrive at the astonishing conclusion that we ought to submit to the authority of an absolute— undivided and unlimited—sovereign power. While his methodological innovation had a profound constructive impact on subsequent work in political philosophy, his substantive conclusions have served mostly as a foil for the development of more palatable philosophical positions. Hobbes's moral philosophy has been less influential than his political philosophy, in part because that theory is too ambiguous to have garnered any general consensus as to its content. Most scholars have taken Hobbes to have affirmed some sort of personal relativism or subjectivism; but views that Hobbes espoused divine command theory, virtue ethics, rule egoism, or a form of projectivism also find support in Hobbes's texts and among scholars. Because Hobbes held that “the true doctrine of the Lawes of Nature is the true Morall philosophie”, differences in interpretation of Hobbes's moral philosophy can be traced to differing understandings of the status and operation of Hobbes's “laws of nature”, which laws will be discussed below. The formerly dominant view that Hobbes espoused psychological egoism as the foundation of his moral theory is currently widely rejected, and there has been to date no fully systematic study of Hobbes's moral psychology
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Jasper Doomen (2011). A Systematic Interpretation of Hobbes's Practical Philosophy. Archiv für Rechts- Und Sozialphilosophie 97 (4):466-478.
A. P. Martinich (2011). Reason and Reciprocity in Hobbes's Political Philosophy: On Sharon Lloyd's: Morality in the Philosophy of Thomas Hobbes. Hobbes Studies 23 (2):158-169.
Rosamond Rhodes (2011). Taking Hobbes at His Word: Comments on Morality in the Philosophy of Thomas Hobbes by S.A. Lloyd. Hobbes Studies 23 (2):170-179.
Susanne Sreedhar (2008). Defending the Hobbesian Right of Self-Defense. Political Theory 36 (6):781-802.
Garrath Williams, Hobbes: Moral and Political Philosophy. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Gabriella Slomp (2000). Thomas Hobbes and the Political Philosophy of Glory. St. Martin's Press.
S. A. Lloyd (2011). The Moral Philosophy of Thomas Hobbes: A Reply to Critics. Hobbes Studies 23 (2):180-187.
S. A. Lloyd (1992). Ideals as Interests in Hobbes's Leviathan: The Power of Mind Over Matter. Cambridge University Press.
Jeremy Anderson (2003). The Role of Education in Political Stability. Hobbes Studies 16 (1):95-104.
Susanne Sreedhar (2010). Hobbes on Resistance. Cambridge University Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads39 ( #51,632 of 1,410,540 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #46,503 of 1,410,540 )
How can I increase my downloads?