David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophical Studies 69 (2-3):139 - 153 (1993)
My contribution to this Symposium focuses on the links between sexuality and reproduction from the evolutionary point of view.' The relation between women's sexuality and reproduction is particularly importantb ecause of a vital intersectionb etweenp olitics and biology feminists have noticed, for more than a century, that women's identity is often defined in terms of her reproductive capacity. More recently, in the second wave of the feminist movement in the United States, debates about women'si dentityh ave explicitlyi ncludeds exuality;m uch feminist argument in the late 1960's and early 1970's involved an attempt to separate out an autonomous female sexuality from women's reproductive functions. It is especially relevant, then, to examine biological arguments, particularlye volutionarya rgumentst, o see what they say about whether and how women's sexuality is related to reproduction. We shall find that many evolutionarya rgumentss eem to supportt he direct linkingo f female sexualitya nd reproductionY. et I will argue that this supporti s not well-groundedI. n fact, I think evolutionarye xplanationso f female sexuality exemplify how social beliefs and social agendas can influence very basic biological explanations of fundamental physiological processes. In this paper, I shall spend some time spelling out a few examples in which assumptions about the close link between reproduction and sexuality yield misleading results, then I shall conclude with a discussion of the consequences of this case study for issues in the philosophy of science.
|Keywords||sexism in science female orgasm adaptationism|
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Ingo Brigandt (2015). Social Values Influence the Adequacy Conditions of Scientific Theories: Beyond Inductive Risk. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 45 (3):326-356.
Mari Mikkola (2015). Doing Ontology and Doing Justice: What Feminist Philosophy Can Teach Us About Meta-Metaphysics. Inquiry 58 (7-8):780-805.
Nancy Tuana (2004). Coming to Understand: Orgasm and the Epistemology of Ignorance. Hypatia 19 (1):194-232.
David R. Morrow & Chris Alen Sula (2011). Naturalized Metaphilosophy. Synthese 182 (2):297-313.
Sophia M. Connell (2000). Aristotle and Galen on Sex Difference and Reproduction: A New Approach to an Ancient Rivalry. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 31 (3):405-427.
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