David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Oxford University Press (2002)
David Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature is famous for its extreme skepticism. Louis Loeb argues that Hume's destructive conclusions have in fact obscured a constructive stage that Hume abandons prematurely. Working within a philosophical tradition that values tranquillity, Hume favors an epistemology that links justification with settled belief. Hume appeals to psychological stability to support his own epistemological assessments, both favorable regarding causal inference, and unfavorable regarding imaginative propensities. The theory's success in explaining Hume's epistemic distinctions gives way to pessimism, since Hume contends that reflection on beliefs is deeply destabilizing. So much the worse, Hume concludes, for placing a premium on reflection. Hume endorses and defends the position that stable beliefs of unreflective persons are justified, though they would not survive reflection. At the same time, Hume relishes the paradox that unreflective beliefs enjoy a preferred epistemic status and strains to establish it. Loeb introduces a series of amendments to the Treatise that secures a more positive result for justified belief while maintaining Hume's fundamental principles. In his review of Hume's applications of his epistemology, Loeb uncovers a stratum of psychological doctrine beyond associationism, a theory of conditions in which beliefs are felt to conflict and of the resolution of this uneasiness or dissonance. This theory of mental conflict is also essential to Hume's strategy for integrating empiricism about meaning with his naturalism. However, Hume fails to provide a general account of the conditions in which conflicting beliefs lead to persisting instability, so his theory is incomplete. Loeb explores Hume's concern with stability in reference to his discussions of belief, education, the probability of causes, unphilosophical probability, the belief in body, sympathy and moral judgment, and the passions, among other topics.
|Keywords||Knowledge, Theory of Hume|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Buy the book||$8.09 new (90% off) $15.00 used (81% off) $56.00 direct from Amazon Amazon page|
|Call number||B1489.L64 2002|
|ISBN(s)||0195146581 0195181042 9780195181043|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Tamar Szabó Gendler (2008). Alief in Action (and Reaction). Mind and Language 23 (5):552--585.
Hannes Leitgeb (2015). I—The Humean Thesis on Belief. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 89 (1):143-185.
Yuval Avnur (2016). Excuses for Hume's Skepticism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 92 (2):264-306.
Peter Millican (2007). Humes Old and New: Four Fashionable Falsehoods, and One Unfashionable Truth. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81 (1):163-199.
Peter Millican (2007). Humes Old and New: Four Fashionable Falsehoods, and One Unfashionable Truth. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81 (1):163–199.
Similar books and articles
Jack Lyons (2001). General Rules and the Justification of Probable Belief in Hume's Treatise. Hume Studies 27 (2):247-278.
Louis E. Loeb (2006). Psychology, Epistemology, and Skepticism in Hume's Argument About Induction. Synthese 152 (3):321 - 338.
Jennifer Smalligan Marušić (2010). Does Hume Hold a Dispositional Account of Belief? Canadian Journal of Philosophy 40 (2):155-183.
Saul Traiger (2010). Experience and Testimony in Hume's Philosophy. Episteme 7 (1):42-57.
Frederick F. Schmitt (2004). Loeb on Stability and Justification in Hume's Treatise. Hume Studies 30 (2):297-327.
James Baillie (2000). Hume on Morality. Routledge.
Louis E. Loeb (2004). Stability and Justification in Hume's Treatise, Another Look- A Response to Erin Kelly, Frederick Schmitt, and Michael Williams. Hume Studies 30 (2):339-404.
Louis E. Loeb (2001). Integrating Hume's Accounts of Belief and Justification. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (2):279-303.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads28 ( #139,430 of 1,796,563 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #466,501 of 1,796,563 )
How can I increase my downloads?