David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Acta Analytica 25 (3):329-346 (2010)
The notion that exploitation consists in taking wrongful advantage of anotherâs vulnerability is widespread in the philosophical literature. Considering the popularity of this view, it is disappointing to find that very few authors attempt to provide substantive accounts of characteristics they consider relevant vulnerabilities (i.e., those pertinent to exploitation), as well as of relevant features which make taking advantage of those vulnerabilities wrongful. In this paper, I analyze the few approaches (notably those presented by Ruth Sample and Robert Goodin) that in fact provide such accounts, and I examine whether and how they pertain to exploitation in general, as well as to exploitation in more personal/intimate relationships. I conclude that these vulnerability-based accounts of exploitation are either too vague or too restrictive, since they tend to leave out many instances of exploitation (especially those within personal and intimate relationships), and are as such inadequate
|Keywords||Exploitation Wrongful use Vulnerabilities Personal relationships Basic needs Capabilities|
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References found in this work BETA
John Rawls (1971/2005). A Theory of Justice. Harvard University Press.
Martha Nussbaum (2001). Women and Human Development: The Capabilities Approach. Cambridge University Press.
John Rawls (2009/2005). A Theory of Justice. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Philosophy and Rhetoric. Oxford University Press 133-135.
Alan Wertheimer (1996). Exploitation. Princeton University Press.
Stephen Wilkinson (2003). Bodies for Sale: Ethics and Exploitation in the Human Body Trade. Routledge.
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