Towards a Culture of Application: Science and Decision Making at the National Institute of Standards & Technology [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Minerva 47 (4):345-366 (2009)
How does the research performed by a government mission agency contribute to useable technologies for its constituents? Is it possible to incorporate science policy mechanisms for increasing benefits to users in the decision process? The United States National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST) promises research directed towards industrial application. This paper considers the processes that produce science and technology at NIST. The institute’s policies for science provide robust examples for how effective science policies can contribute to the emergence of useful technologies. To progress towards technologies that can be years away, the agency uses several means for integrating the needs of eventual information users into the prioritization process. To accomplish this, NIST units, such as the Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory, incorporate mechanisms for considering user need and project impact into different stages of its scientific decision processes. This, and other specific strategies that the agency utilizes for connecting the supply of science to information demand, provide lessons for generating useable science
|Keywords||Science policy Application-oriented science Basic research Institutions Decision process|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Michael Gibbons (ed.) (1994). The New Production of Knowledge: The Dynamics of Science and Research in Contemporary Societies. Sage Publications.
Philip Kitcher (2001). Science, Truth, and Democracy. Oxford University Press.
D. E. Stokes (1997). Pasteur's Quadrant: Basic Science and Technological Innovation. Brookings Inst Pr.
Charles E. Rosenberg (1977). No Other Gods: On Science and American Social Thought. Journal of the History of Biology 10 (2):368-369.
Citations of this work BETA
Nathaniel Logar, Laura Diaz Anadon & Venkatesh Narayanamurti (2014). Semiconductor Research Corporation: A Case Study in Cooperative Innovation Partnerships. Minerva 52 (2):237-261.
Similar books and articles
Robert Frodeman (2005). The Role of Humanities Policy in Public Science. Environmental Philosophy 2 (1):5-13.
René von Schomberg (ed.) (1993). Science, Politics, and Morality: Scientific Uncertainty and Decision Making. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Sybil Francis (1999). Developing a Federal Policy on Research Misconduct. Science and Engineering Ethics 5 (2):261-272.
James W. Westerman, Rafik I. Beekun, Yvonne Stedham & Jeanne Yamamura (2007). Peers Versus National Culture: An Analysis of Antecedents to Ethical Decision-Making. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 75 (3):239 - 252.
Kieran Mathieson (2007). Towards a Design Science of Ethical Decision Support. Journal of Business Ethics 76 (3):269 - 292.
K. Guild Nichols (1979). Technology on Trial: Public Participation in Decision-Making Related to Science and Technology. Sold by Oecd Publications and Information Center].
Martin Carrier (2010). Theories for Use: On the Bearing of Basic Science on Practical Problems. In M. Dorato M. Suàrez (ed.), Epsa Epistemology and Methodology of Science. Springer 23--33.
Susan E. Cozzens (2008). Gender Issues in US Science and Technology Policy: Equality of What? Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (3):345-356.
Erik Fisher (2011). Editorial Overview. Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (4):607-620.
Edward Hackett & Diana Rhoten (2011). Engaged, Embedded, Enjoined: Science and Technology Studies in the National Science Foundation. Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (4):823-838.
Margaret C. Jacob (1997). Scientific Culture and the Making of the Industrial West. Oxford University Press.
Song Tian (2011). A Study of Experiential Technology and Scientific Technology, Exemplified by Chinese and Western Medicine. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 6 (2):298-315.
Ouyang Kang (2008). On the Emergence and the Research Outline of Social Information Science. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 46:37-52.
William Sims Bainbridge (2007). Converging Technologies and Human Destiny. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (3):197 – 216.
Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
Added to index2010-12-11
Total downloads2 ( #677,009 of 1,792,099 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #463,566 of 1,792,099 )
How can I increase my downloads?