David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):523-533 (2011)
Studies showing human behavior influenced by subliminal stimuli mainly focus on implicit processing per se, and little is known about its interaction with explicit processing. We examined this by using the Simon effect, wherein a task-irrelevant spatial distracter interferes with lateralized response. Lo and Yeh found that the visual Simon effect, although it occurred when participants were aware of the visual distracters, did not occur with subliminal visual distracters. We used the same paradigm and examined whether subliminal and supra-threshold stimuli are processed independently by adding a supra-threshold auditory distracter to ascertain whether it would interact with the subliminal visual distracter. Results showed auditory Simon effect, but there was still no visual Simon effect, indicating that supra-threshold and subliminal stimuli are processed separately in independent streams. In contrast to the traditional view that implicit processing precedes explicit processing, our results suggest that they operate independently in a parallel fashion
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References found in this work BETA
Yi Jiang, Patricia Costello, Fang Fang, Miner Huang & Sheng He (2006). A Gender- and Sexual Orientation-Dependent Spatial Attentional Effect of Invisible Images. Pnas 103 (45):17048 -17052.
S. LO & S. YEH (2008). Dissociation of Processing Time and Awareness by the Inattentional Blindness Paradigm☆. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (4):1169-1180.
Stephen R. Mitroff & Brian J. Scholl (2005). Forming and Updating Object Representations Without Awareness: Evidence From Motion-Induced Blindness. Vision Research 45 (8):961-967.
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