David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 81 (3):391 - 404 (1989)
Predictions about the health risks of low level radiation combine two sorts of measures. One estimates the amount and kinds of radiation released into the environment, and the other estimates the adverse health effects. A new field called health physics integrates and applies nuclear physics to cytology to supply both these estimates. It does so by first determining the kinds of effects different types of radiation produce in biological organisms, and second, by monitoring the extent of these effects produced by given levels of exposure. This essay examines the interplay between evidential constraints and external, contextual interests and values in studying the biological hazards of radiation. By analyzing the debate over linear vs. quadratic dose response models, the essay focuses on problems of developing quantitative, rather than qualitative, estimates of the risks of increased cancer incidence in an exposed population.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Ilkka Niiniluoto (1993). The Aim and Structure of Applied Research. Erkenntnis 38 (1):1 - 21.
Ilkka Niiniluoto (2014). Values in Design Sciences. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 46:11-15.
Similar books and articles
Kevin C. Elliott (2006). A Novel Account of Scientific Anomaly: Help for the Dispute Over Low-Dose Biochemical Effects. Philosophy of Science 73 (5):790-802.
K. Shrader-Frechette, Ideological Toxicology: Invalid Logic, Science, Ethics About Low-Dose Pollution.
Kristin Shrader‐Frechette (2004). Using Metascience to Improve Dose‐Response Curves in Biology: Better Policy Through Better Science. Philosophy of Science 71 (5):1026-1037.
Kristin Shrader-Frechette, Better Policy Through Better Science: Using Metascience to Improve Dose-Response Curves in Biology and in ICRP Ecological Risk Assessment.
K. S. Shrader-Frechette (2000). Radiobiogical Hormesis, Methodological Value Judgments, and Metascience. Perspectives on Science 8 (4):367-379.
Kristin Shrader-Frechette (2001). Radiobiological Hormesis, Methodological Value Judgments, and Metascience. Perspectives on Science 8 (4):367-379.
Soraya De Chadarevian (2006). Mice and the Reactor: The "Genetics Experiment" in 1950s Britain. Journal of the History of Biology 39 (4):707 - 735.
Gayle Greene (2011). Richard Doll and Alice Stewart: Reputation and the Shaping of Scientific "Truth". Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 54 (4):504-531.
Kristan Shrader-Frechete (2001). Using a Thought Experiment to Clarify a Radiobiological Controversy. Synthese 128 (3):319 - 342.
Kristin Shrader-Frechette (2005). Radiobiology and Gray Science: Flaws in Landmark New Radiation Protections. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (2):167-169.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads17 ( #157,110 of 1,725,560 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #211,098 of 1,725,560 )
How can I increase my downloads?