Graduate studies at Western
Journal of Religious Ethics 40 (3):404-446 (2012)
|Abstract||The idea of “just war” is not alien to Chinese thought. The term “yi zhan” (usually translated as “just war” or “righteous war” in English) is used in Mencius, was renewed by Mao Zedong, and is still being used in China today (zhengyi zhanzheng). The best place to start exploring this Chinese idea is in the enormous Art of War corpus in premodern China, of which the Seven Military Classics is the best representative. This set of treatises served as the military bible in imperial China from 1078 CE. Ideas analogous to ius ad bellum and ius in bello can be found in these texts. These norms are present in these military texts, elaborated in subsequent commentaries, understood as a matter of fact in Chinese political history, and recently and briefly acknowledged by a few Chinese military scholars in the mainland and in Taiwan. This Chinese just war ethics has its distinctiveness vis-à-vis James Turner Johnson's articulation of the Western classic view. It differs from Johnson's claims that military lethal violence is intrinsically morally neutral and that last resort is not a primary consideration in deciding for war. Contemporary Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) military publications show that the PLA understands the general idea of just war, but they acknowledge only the ad bellum part, not the in bello components|
|Keywords||ius in bello Art of War just war ius ad bellum People's Liberation Army Seven Military Classics James Turner Johnson|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Ping-Cheung Lo (2012). Warfare Ethics in Sunzi'sart of War?Historical Controversies and Contemporary Perspectives. Journal of Military Ethics 11 (2):114-135.
Nadine Godehardt, The Chinese Meaning of Just War and its Impact on the Foreign Policy of the People's Republic of China.
Henrik Syse (2002). Plato: The Necessity of War, the Quest for Peace. Journal of Military Ethics 1 (1):36-44.
Ellen Y. Zhang (2012). Weapons Are Nothing but Ominous Instruments: The Daodejing's View on War and Peace. Journal of Religious Ethics 40 (3):473-502.
Steven Metz & Phillip R. Cuccia (eds.) (2011). Defining War for the 21st Century. Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College.
James Q. Whitman (2012). The Verdict of Battle: The Law of Victory and the Making of Modern War. Harvard University Press.
Joseph Betz (2005). Proportionality, Just War Theory, and America's 2003–2004 War Against Iraq. Social Philosophy Today 21:137-156.
Jeff McMahan (2004). The Ethics of Killing in War. Ethics 114 (4):693-733.
Jim Storr (2009). The Human Face of War. Continuum.
Marco Formisano & Hartmut Böhme (eds.) (2010). War in Words: Transformations of War From Antiquity to Clausewitz. de Gruyter.
James A. Stroble (1998). Justification of War in Ancient China. Asian Philosophy 8 (3):165 – 190.
Gaoshan Zuo (2007). Just War and Justice of War: Reflections on Ethics of War. [REVIEW] Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (2):280-290.
Jacqueline A. Laing (2009). The Philosophy of War and Peace - by Jenny Teichman. Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (1):114-116.
Added to index2012-07-24
Total downloads4 ( #189,470 of 740,099 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,960 of 740,099 )
How can I increase my downloads?