Strong convergence in finite model theory

Journal of Symbolic Logic 67 (3):1083-1092 (2002)
In [9] we introduced a new framework for asymptotic probabilities, in which a $\sigma-additive$ measure is defined on the sample space of all sequences $A = $ of finite models, where the universe of An is {1, 2, .., n}. In this framework we investigated the strong 0-1 law for sentences, which states that each sentence either holds in An eventually almost surely or fails in An eventually almost surely. In this paper we define the strong convergence law for formulas, which carries over the ideas of the strong 0-1 law to formulas with free variables, and roughly states that for each formula φ(x), the fraction of tuples a in An, which satisfy the formula φ(x), almost surely has a limit as n tends to infinity. We show that the infinitary logic with finitely many variables has the strong convergence law for formulas for the uniform measure, and further characterize the measures on random graphs for which the strong convergence law holds
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DOI 10.2178/jsl/1190150151
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