David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Cognitive Science 35 (2):381-398 (2011)
Previous studies have shown that object properties are processed faster when they follow properties from the same perceptual modality than properties from different modalities. These findings suggest that language activates sensorimotor processes, which, according to those studies, can only be explained by a modal account of cognition. The current paper shows how a statistical linguistic approach of word co-occurrences can also reliably predict the category of perceptual modality a word belongs to (auditory, olfactory–gustatory, visual–haptic), even though the statistical linguistic approach is less precise than the modal approach (auditory, gustatory, haptic, olfactory, visual). Moreover, the statistical linguistic approach is compared with the modal embodied approach in an experiment in which participants verify properties that share or shift modalities. Response times suggest that fast responses can best be explained by the linguistic account, whereas slower responses can best be explained by the embodied account. These results provide further evidence for the theory that conceptual processing is both linguistic and embodied, whereby less precise linguistic processes precede precise simulation processes
|Keywords||Embodied cognition Property verification Modality‐switch effect Perceptual simulation Concepts Linguistic Context|
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Citations of this work BETA
Anna M. Borghi, Olga Capirci, Gabriele Gianfreda & Virginia Volterra (2014). The Body and the Fading Away of Abstract Concepts and Words: A Sign Language Analysis. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
Lauren A. M. Lebois, Christine D. Wilson‐Mendenhall & Lawrence W. Barsalou (2015). Are Automatic Conceptual Cores the Gold Standard of Semantic Processing? The Context‐Dependence of Spatial Meaning in Grounded Congruency Effects. Cognitive Science 39 (8):1764-1801.
Louise Connell & Dermot Lynott (2012). Strength of Perceptual Experience Predicts Word Processing Performance Better Than Concreteness or Imageability. Cognition 125 (3):452-465.
Louise Connell & Dermot Lynott (2010). Look but Don’T Touch: Tactile Disadvantage in Processing Modality-Specific Words. Cognition 115 (1):1-9.
Andriy Myachykov, Christoph Scheepers, Martin H. Fischer & Klaus Kessler (2014). TEST: A Tropic, Embodied, and Situated Theory of Cognition. Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (3):442-460.
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