David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (4):631-642 (2010)
We review the relationships between language, inner speech, and cognitive control in children and young adults, focusing on the domain of cognitive flexibility. We address the role that inner speech plays in flexibly shifting between tasks, addressing whether it is used to represent task rules, provide a reminder of task order, or aid in task retrieval. We also consider whether the development of inner speech in childhood serves to drive the development of cognitive flexibility. We conclude that there is a close association between inner speech and cognitive flexibility in both adults and children. Experimental work has begun to specify in detail the role that inner speech might play in adult performance, suggesting that language plays a facilitative but not essential role in representing and activating the relevant task set, processes that occur on both switch and nonswitch trials. While developmental studies suggest an increase in the spontaneous use of verbal strategies with age, implying an increase in top-down control during shifting, experimental work is needed to specify more precisely the nature and precise role that inner speech plays in the development of cognitive control through childhood.
|Keywords||Inner speech Task switching Executive function Cognitive control Development Cognitive flexibility|
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Citations of this work BETA
Gary Lupyan, Daniel Mirman, Roy Hamilton & Sharon L. Thompson-Schill (2012). Categorization is Modulated by Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Over Left Prefrontal Cortex. Cognition 124 (1):36-49.
Evelina Fedorenko & Sharon L. Thompson-Schill (2014). Reworking the Language Network. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (3):120-126.
Nicolas Chevalier, Kristina L. Huber, Sandra A. Wiebe & Kimberly Andrews Espy (2013). Qualitative Change in Executive Control During Childhood and Adulthood. Cognition 128 (1):1-12.
Evangelia G. Chrysikou, Jared M. Novick, John C. Trueswell & Sharon L. Thompson-Schill (2011). The Other Side of Cognitive Control: Can a Lack of Cognitive Control Benefit Language and Cognition? Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):253-256.
Warren Mansell (2011). Control of Perception Should Be Operationalized as a Fundamental Property of the Nervous System. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):257-261.
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