David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
The legend of the encounter between Wilberforce and Huxley is well established. Almost every scientist knows, and every viewer of the BBC's recent programme on Darwin was shown,* how Samuel Wilberforce, bishop of Oxford, attempted to pour scorn on Darwin's Origin of Species at a meeting of the British Association in Oxford on 30 June 1860, and had the tables turned on him by T. H. Huxley. In this memorable encounter Huxley's simple scientific sincerity humbled the prelatical insolence and clerical obscurantism of Soapy Sam; the pretension of the Church to dictate to scientists the conclusions they were allowed to reach were, for good and all, decisively defeated; the autonomy of science was established in Britain and the Western world; the claim of plain unvarnished truth on men's allegiance was vindicated, however unwelcome its implications for human vanity might be; and the flood tide of Victorian faith in all its fulsomeness was turned to an ebb, which has continued to our present day and will only end when religion and superstition have been finally eliminated from the minds of all enlightened men. Even churchmen concede that it was a disastrous defeat.1 Only Owen Chadwick strikes a note of caution, observing that the account given of the incident in Wilberforce's biography seems hardly consistent with an overwhelming defeat, and maintaining that the received account must be a largely legendary creation of a later date.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Ernan McMullin (2011). Darwin and the Other Christian Tradition. Zygon 46 (2):291-316.
P. E. Hodgson (2008). The Church and Science: A Changing Relationship. Heythrop Journal 49 (4):632-647.
Similar books and articles
James Strick (1999). Darwinism and the Origin of Life: The Role of H. C. Bastian in the British Spontaneous Generation Debates, 1868-1873. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 32 (1):51 - 92.
Thomas Henry Huxley (1971). Touchstone for Ethics, 1893-1943. Freeport, N.Y.,Books for Libraries Press.
Robert Richards (2009). Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection and its Moral Purpose. In Michael Ruse & Robert J. Richards (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the "Origin of Species". Cambridge University Press.
Neil Campbell (2001). What Was Huxley's Epiphenomenalism? Biology and Philosophy 16 (3):357-375.
Marsha L. Richmond (2000). T. H. Huxley's Criticism of German Cell Theory: An Epigenetic and Physiological Interpretation of Cell Structure. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 33 (2):247 - 289.
Thomas Henry Huxley (1967). The Essence of T. H. Huxley: Selections From His Writings. New York, St. Martin's P..
David Knight (2000). Higher Pantheism. Zygon 35 (3):603-612.
Author unknown, Thomas Henry Huxley. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
David S. Savage (1978). Mysticism and Aldous Huxley: An Examination of Heard-Huxley Theories. Norwood Editions.
Robert Wilberforce (1939). Building the British Empire. Thought 14 (1):138-140.
Aldous Huxley (1945/2004). The Perennial Philosophy. Perennial Classics.
Carl F. Craver (2008). Physical Law and Mechanistic Explanation in the Hodgkin and Huxley Model of the Action Potential. Philosophy of Science 75 (5):1022-1033.
James Rachels (1990/1991). Created From Animals: The Moral Implications of Darwinism. Oxford University Press.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads19 ( #86,649 of 1,098,129 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #33,031 of 1,098,129 )
How can I increase my downloads?