From being to givenness and back: Some remarks on the meaning of transcendental idealism in Kant and Husserl
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
International Journal of Philosophical Studies 15 (3):367 – 394 (2007)
This paper takes a fresh look at a classical theme in philosophical scholarship, the meaning of transcendental idealism, by contrasting Kant's and Husserl's versions of it. I present Kant's transcendental idealism as a theory distinguishing between the world as in-itself and as given to the experiencing human being. This reconstruction provides the backdrop for Husserl's transcendental phenomenology as a brand of transcendental idealism expanding on Kant: through the phenomenological reduction Husserl universalizes Kant's transcendental philosophy to an eidetic science of subjectivity. He thereby furnishes a new sense of transcendental philosophy, rephrases the quid iuris-question, and provides a new conception of the thing-in-itself. What needs to be clarified is not exclusively the possibility of a priori cognition but, to start at a much lower level, the validity of objects that give themselves in experience. The thing-in-itself is not an unknowable object, but the idea of the object in all possible appearances experienced at once. In spite of these changes Husserl remains committed to the basic sense of Kant's Copernican Turn. I end with some comments on how both Kant and Husserl view the relation between theoretical and moral philosophy.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Henry E. Allison (1975). The Critique of Pure Reason as Transcendental Phenomenology. In Don Ihde & Richard M. Zaner (eds.), Dialogues in Phenomenology. Martinus Nijhoff. 136--155.
Rudolf Bernet (2004). Husserl's Transcendental Idealism Revisited. New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 4:1-20.
David Carr (2003). Transcendental and Empirical Subjectivity. The Self in the Transcendental Tradition. In Donn Welton (ed.), The New Husserl: A Critical Reader. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. 181--198.
Steven Galt Crowell (2001). Husserl, Heidegger, and the Space of Meaning: Paths Toward Transcendental Phenomenology. Northwestern University Press.
Vittorio De Palma (2005). Ist Husserls Phänomenologie ein transzendentaler Idealismus? Husserl Studies 21 (3):183-206.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Lucy Allais (2003). Kant's Transcendental Idealism and Contemporary Anti-Realism. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 11 (4):369 – 392.
Brian O'Connor (2006). A Missing Step In Kant's Refutation of Idealism. Idealistic Studies 36 (2):83-95.
Roman Ingarden (1975). On the Motives Which Led Husserl to Transcendental Idealism. Martinus Nijhoff.
Dan Zahavi (2008). Internalism, Externalism, and Transcendental Idealism. Synthese 160 (3):355 - 374.
Toni Kannisto (2010). Three Problems in Westphal's Transcendental Proof of Realism. Kant-Studien 101 (2):227-246.
Thomas J. Nenon (2008). Some Differences Between Kant's and Husserl's Conceptions of Transcendental Philosophy. Continental Philosophy Review 41 (4):427-439.
Gaven Kerr (2011). Kant's Transcendental Idealism. International Philosophical Quarterly 51 (2):195-222.
Qingxiong Zhang (2008). Wittgenstein's Reconsideration of the Transcendental Problem. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 3 (1):123-138.
Zhang Qingxiong & Chen Xin (2008). Wittgenstein's Reconsideration of the Transcendental Problem — With Some Remarks on the Relation Between Wittgenstein's "Phenomenology" and Husserl's Phenomenology. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 3 (1):123 - 138.
Sebastian Luft (2011). Subjectivity and Lifeworld in Transcendental Phenomenology. Northwestern University Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads111 ( #11,941 of 1,410,455 )
Recent downloads (6 months)11 ( #20,657 of 1,410,455 )
How can I increase my downloads?