David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (5):561-584 (2010)
Being a formal and general as well as the most widely accepted approach to practical rationality, rational decision theory should be crucial for justifying rational morals. In particular, acting morally should also (nearly always) be rational in decision theoretic terms. After defending this thesis, in the critical part of the paper two strategies to develop morals following this insight are criticized: game theoretical ethics of cooperation and ethical intuitionism. The central structural objections to ethics of cooperation are that they too directly aim at the rationality of moral action and that they to do not encompass moral values or a moral desirability function. The constructive half of the paper takes up these criticisms by developing a two-part strategy to bring rationality and morals in line. The first part is to define ‘moral desirability’. This is done, using multi-attribute utility theory, by equating several adequate components of an individual’s comprehensive (rational) utility function with the moral desirability function. The second part is to introduce mechanisms, institutions, in particular socially valid moral norms, that provide further motivation for acting in accordance with morals
|Keywords||Justification of morals Rationality requirement Ethical internalism Rational decision Multi-attribute utility theory Prudentialistic desirability theory Sympathy Respect Moral desirability (function) Moral obligations Socially valid norms Moral norms Ethics of cooperation (critique of) Contract theory (critique of) Ethical intuitionism (critique of)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
References found in this work BETA
Robert Axelrod (1984). The Evolution of Cooperation. Basic Books.
K. G. Binmore (2005). Natural Justice. Oxford University Press.
David P. Gauthier (1986). Morals by Agreement. Oxford University Press.
David Krantz, Duncan Luce, Patrick Suppes & Amos Tversky (eds.) (1971). Foundations of Measurement, Vol. I: Additive and Polynomial Representations. New York Academic Press.
Christoph Lumer (2002). Kantischer Externalismus und Motive zu moralischem Handeln. Conceptus 35 (86-88):263-286.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Christoph Lumer (2010). Introduction: The Relevance of Rational Decision Theory for Ethics. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (5):485-496.
G. J. Rossouw (1994). Rational Interaction for Moral Sensitivity: A Postmodern Approach to Moral Decision-Making in Business. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 13 (1):11 - 20.
Richard M. Shiffrin (2003). Locally Rational Decision-Making. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):175-175.
Duncan MacIntosh (1991). Preference's Progress: Rational Self-Alteration and the Rationality of Morality. Dialogue 30 (1991):3-32.
J. T. Hyland (1986). Instruction, Rationality and Learning to Be Moral. Journal of Moral Education 15 (2):127-138.
Linda Zagzebski (1987). Does Ethics Need God? Faith and Philosophy 4 (3):294-303.
P. Michael McCullough & Sam Faught (2005). Rational Moralists and Moral Rationalists Value-Based Management: Model, Criterion and Validation. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 60 (2):195 - 205.
Jan Narveson (2010). The Relevance of Decision Theory to Ethical Theory. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (5):497-520.
Richard Bradley (1999). Conditional Desirability. Theory and Decision 47 (1):23-55.
Added to index2010-06-09
Total downloads20 ( #71,710 of 1,088,810 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #69,735 of 1,088,810 )
How can I increase my downloads?