David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Religious Ethics 19 (1):119 - 149 (1991)
This essay examines the justification of property offered by John Locke, considered as the locus classicus of the modern liberal understanding of natural law. I argue that Locke's account of property must be understood in light of the Scholastic discussion of property-in-common, especially in the writings of Thomas Aquinas and Francisco Suarez. Despite very different historical and intellectual settings, I suggest that the Scholastic and Lockean justifications of property share several themes: 1) both discuss the institution of property within the context of foundationally social natural law directives; (2) both emphasize the moral priority of individual access to property-in-common according to need; and (3) both employ the language of justice rather than discretionary charity to describe the social constraints upon private acquisition. I conclude by considering the relevance of this interpretation of Locke to recent debates on distributive justice between Nozick and Rawls, as well as its affinities with the understanding of the social obligations of property in Catholic social teaching.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Paul J. Weithman (1993). Natural Law, Property, and Redistribution. Journal of Religious Ethics 21 (1):165 - 180.
John T. Sanders (1987). Justice and the Initial Acquisition of Property. Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy 10 (2):367-99.
Gopal Sreenivasan (1995). The Limits of Lockean Rights in Property. Oxford University Press.
James Tully (1980). A Discourse on Property: John Locke and His Adversaries. Cambridge University Press.
Adam Mossoff (2012). Saving Locke From Marx: The Labor Theory of Value in Intellectual Property Theory. Social Philosophy and Policy 29 (2):283-317.
J. W. Harris (2002). Property and Justice. OUP Oxford.
Richard Oxenberg (2010). Locke and the Right to (Acquire) Property. Social Philosophy Today 26:55-66.
Hugh Breakey (2011). Two Concepts of Property: Ownership of Things and Property in Activities. Philosophical Forum 42 (3):239-265.
Stephen Buckle (1991). Natural Law and the Theory of Property: Grotius to Hume. Oxford University Press.
Francesco Fagiani (1983). Natural Law and History in Locke's Theory of Distributive Justice. Topoi 2 (2):163-185.
A. John Simmons (1998). Makers' Rights. Journal of Ethics 2 (3):197-218.
D. B. Resnik (2003). A Pluralistic Account of Intellectual Property. Journal of Business Ethics 46 (4):319 - 335.
Gordon Hull (2009). Clearing the Rubbish: Locke, the Waste Proviso, and the Moral Justification of Intellectual Property. Public Affairs Quarterly 23 (1):67-93.
Jeremy Waldron (2005). Nozick and Locke: Filling the Space of Rights. Social Philosophy and Policy 22 (1):81-110.
B. Andrew Lustig (1993). Property, Justice, and the Common Good: A Response to Paul J. Weithman. Journal of Religious Ethics 21 (1):181 - 187.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads17 ( #99,014 of 1,102,874 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #46,874 of 1,102,874 )
How can I increase my downloads?