David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
The sheer multitude of criteria of empirical significance has been taken as evidence that the pre-analytic notion being explicated is too vague to be useful. I show instead that a significant number of these criteria—by Ayer, Popper, Przełęcki, Suppes, and David Lewis, among others—not only form a coherent whole, but also connect directly to the theory of definition, the notion of empirical content as explicated by Ramsey sentences, and the theory of measurement; two criteria by Carnap and Sober are trivial, but can be saved and connected to the other criteria by slight modifications. A corollary is that the ordinary language defense of Lewis, the conceptual arguments by Ayer and Popper, the theoretical considerations by Przełęcki, and the practical considerations by Suppes all apply to the same criterion or closely related criteria. Furthermore, the equivalence of some criteria allows for their individual justifications to be taken cumulatively and, together with the entailment relations between nonequivalent criteria, suggest criteria for general auxiliary assumptions, comparative criteria, and more liberal conceptions of observation.
|Keywords||empirical significance cognitive significance meaningfulness testability falsifiability verifiability empirical content cognitive content|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Sebastian Lutz (2012). Criteria of Empirical Significance: Foundations, Relations, Applications. Dissertation, Utrecht University
James W. McAllister (1991). The Simplicity of Theories: Its Degree and Form. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 22 (1):1-14.
Sashank Varma (2011). Criteria for the Design and Evaluation of Cognitive Architectures. Cognitive Science 35 (7):1329-1351.
David Davies (1998). McAllister's Aesthetics in Science: A Critical Notice. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 12 (1):25 – 32.
Michael Anthony Slote (1967). Empirical Certainty and the Theory of Important Criteria. Inquiry 10 (1-4):21 – 37.
Brown Grier (1975). Prediction, Explanation, and Testability as Criteria for Judging Statistical Theories. Philosophy of Science 42 (4):373-383.
Patrick Welch (2011). Moral Psychology and the Problem of Moral Criteria. Journal of Moral Education 40 (4):513-526.
Richard Menary (2010). The Holy Grail of Cognitivism: A Response to Adams and Aizawa. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 9 (4):605-618.
Jutta Schickore (2011). The Significance of Re-Doing Experiments: A Contribution to Historically Informed Methodology. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 75 (3):325-347.
David V. Ward (1984). Identity. Philosophy Research Archives 10:353-382.
Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1984). Cerebral Death. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 5 (2).
Theo A. F. Kuipers (1982). Approaching Descriptive and Theoretical Truth. Erkenntnis 18 (3):343 - 378.
Ryszard Wójcicki (1966). Semantical Criteria of Empirical Meaningfulness. Studia Logica 19 (1):75 - 109.
Nir Fresco (2008). An Analysis of the Criteria for Evaluating Adequate Theories of Computation. Minds and Machines 18 (3):379-401.
Added to index2010-12-14
Total downloads72 ( #57,379 of 1,793,159 )
Recent downloads (6 months)19 ( #39,705 of 1,793,159 )
How can I increase my downloads?