Science in the age of mechanical reproduction: Moral and epistemic relations between diagrams and photographs [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Biology and Philosophy 6 (2):205-226 (1991)
Sociologists, philosophers and historians of science are gradually recognizing the importance of visual representation. This is part of a more general movement away from a theory-centric view of science and towards an interest in practical aspects of observation and experimentation. Rather than treating science as a matter of demonstrating the logical connection between theoretical and empirical statements, an increasing number of investigations are examining how scientists compose and use diagrams, graphs, photographs, micrographs, maps, charts, and related visual displays. This paper focuses on diagrams in biology, and tries to demonstrate how diagrams are an integral part of the production of scientific knowledge. In order to disclose some of the distinctive practical and analytical uses of diagrams, the paper contrasts the way diagrams and photographs are used in biological texts. Both diagrams and photographs are shown to be “constructions” that separately and together mediate the investigation of scientific phenoman.
|Keywords||Diagrams ethnomethodology knowledge photography representation science sociology|
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References found in this work BETA
Ian Hacking (1983). Representing and Intervening: Introductory Topics in the Philosophy of Natural Science. Cambridge University Press.
Bruno Latour (1987). Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers Through Society. Harvard University Press.
Peter Berger & Thomas Luckmann (1966/1990). The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. Anchor Books.
H. M. Collins (1985/1992). Changing Order: Replication and Induction in Scientific Practice. University of Chicago Press.
Norwood Russell Hanson (1958). Patterns of Discovery. Cambridge [Eng.]University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Laura Perini (2012). Image Interpretation: Bridging the Gap From Mechanically Produced Image to Representation. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 26 (2):153-170.
Otávio Bueno (2011). When Physics and Biology Meet: The Nanoscale Case. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 42 (2):180-189.
B. A. C. Saunders & Jaap Van Brakel (2002). The Trajectory of Color. Perspectives on Science 10 (3):302-355.
A. Cambrosio & P. Keating (2000). Of Lymphocytes and Pixels: The Techno-Visual Production of Cell Populations. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 31 (2):233-270.
Alberto Cambrosio & Peter Keating (2000). Of Lymphocytes and Pixels: The Techno-Visual Production of Cell Populations. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 31 (2):233-270.
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