Science in the age of mechanical reproduction: Moral and epistemic relations between diagrams and photographs [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Biology and Philosophy 6 (2):205-226 (1991)
Sociologists, philosophers and historians of science are gradually recognizing the importance of visual representation. This is part of a more general movement away from a theory-centric view of science and towards an interest in practical aspects of observation and experimentation. Rather than treating science as a matter of demonstrating the logical connection between theoretical and empirical statements, an increasing number of investigations are examining how scientists compose and use diagrams, graphs, photographs, micrographs, maps, charts, and related visual displays. This paper focuses on diagrams in biology, and tries to demonstrate how diagrams are an integral part of the production of scientific knowledge. In order to disclose some of the distinctive practical and analytical uses of diagrams, the paper contrasts the way diagrams and photographs are used in biological texts. Both diagrams and photographs are shown to be “constructions” that separately and together mediate the investigation of scientific phenoman.
|Keywords||Diagrams ethnomethodology knowledge photography representation science sociology|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Roland Barthes (2010). Camera Lucida : Reflections on Photography. In Christopher Want (ed.), Philosophers on Art From Kant to the Postmodernists: A Critical Reader. Columbia University Press.
Peter Berger & Thomas Luckmann (1966/1990). The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. Anchor Books.
H. M. Collins (1985/1992). Changing Order: Replication and Induction in Scientific Practice. University of Chicago Press.
Harold Garfinkel (1988). Evidence for Locally Produced, Naturally Accountable Phenomena of Order, Logic, Reason, Meaning, Method, Etc. In and as of the Essential Quiddity of Immortal Ordinary Society, (I of IV): An Announcement of Studies. Sociological Theory 6 (1):103-109.
Citations of this work BETA
Laura Perini (2012). Image Interpretation: Bridging the Gap From Mechanically Produced Image to Representation. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 26 (2):153-170.
Otávio Bueno (2011). When Physics and Biology Meet: The Nanoscale Case. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 42 (2):180-189.
Similar books and articles
Solomon Feferman (2012). And so On...: Reasoning with Infinite Diagrams. Synthese 186 (1):371 - 386.
Eric Hammer & Norman Danner (1996). Towards a Model Theory of Diagrams. Journal of Philosophical Logic 25 (5):463 - 482.
Brice Halimi (2012). Diagrams as Sketches. Synthese 186 (1):387-409.
Jane Maienschein (1991). From Presentation to Representation in E. B. Wilson's the Cell. Biology and Philosophy 6 (2):227-254.
Letitia Meynell (2008). Why Feynman Diagrams Represent. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 22 (1):39 – 59.
Gerard Allwein & Jon Barwise (eds.) (1996). Logical Reasoning with Diagrams. Oxford University Press.
Laura Perini (2005). Explanation in Two Dimensions: Diagrams and Biological Explanation. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 20 (2-3):257-269.
Peter Bernhard (2008). Visualizations of the Square of Opposition. Logica Universalis 2 (1):31-41.
James R. Griesemer (1991). Must Scientific Diagrams Be Eliminable? The Case of Path Analysis. Biology and Philosophy 6 (2):155-180.
Sun-Joo Shin (1994). Peirce and the Logical Status of Diagrams. History and Philosophy of Logic 15 (1):45-68.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads48 ( #39,786 of 1,413,333 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #51,540 of 1,413,333 )
How can I increase my downloads?