David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Human Studies 31 (2):209 - 221 (2008)
This article brings out certain philosophical difficulties in Lacan’s account of the mirror stage, the initial moment of the subject’s development. For Lacan, the “original organization of the forms of the ego” is “precipitated” in an infant’s self-recognition in a mirror image; this event is explicitly prior to any social interactions. A Hegelian objection to the Lacanian account argues that social interaction and recognition of others by infants are necessary prerequisites for infants’ capacity to recognize themselves in a mirror image. Thus mutual recognition with another, rather than self-recognition in a mirror, is what makes possible subsequent ego-formation and self-consciousness. This intersubjective critique suggests that many of the psychoanalytic consequences that Lacan derives from the mirror stage (e.g., alienation, narcissism, and aggressivity) may need to be rethought.
|Keywords||Ego formation Hegel Intersubjectivity Lacan Mirror stage Mutual recognition Self-consciousness Subjectivity|
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References found in this work BETA
Axel Honneth (1996). The Struggle for Recognition: The Moral Grammar of Social Conflicts. The MIT Press.
G. W. F. Hegel (1979). Phenomenology of Spirit. OUP Oxford.
George H. Mead & Charles W. Morris (1935). Mind, Self, and Society From the Standpoint of a Social Behaviorist. Philosophical Review 44 (6):587-589.
George Herbert Mead (1981). Selected Writings. University of Chicago Press.
Richard A. Lynch (2001). Mutual Recognition and the Dialectic of Master and Slave. International Philosophical Quarterly 41 (1):33-48.
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