David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Oxford University Press (1999)
This book provides an analysis of the debate surrounding cultural diversity, and attempts to reconcile the seemingly opposing views of "ethical imperialism," the belief that each individual is entitled to fundamental human rights, and cultural relativism, the belief that ethics must be relative to particular cultures and societies. The author examines the role of cultural tradition, often used as a defense against critical ethical judgments. Key issues in health and medicine are explored in the context of cultural diversity: the physician-patient relationship, disclosing a diagnosis of a fatal illness, informed consent, brain death and organ transplantation, rituals surrounding birth and death, female genital mutilation, sex selection of offspring, fertility regulation, and biomedical research involving human subjects. Among the conclusions the author reaches are that ethical universals exist, but must not be confused with ethical absolutes. The existence of ethical universals is compatible with a variety of culturally relative interpretations, and some rights related to medicine and health care should be considered human rights. Illustrative examples are drawn from the author's experiences serving on international ethical review committees and her travels to countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, where she conducted educational workshops and carried out out her own research.
|Keywords||Medical ethics Cross-cultural studies Transcultural medical care Moral and ethical aspects Ethical absolutism Ethical relativism Cultural relativism|
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|Buy the book||$4.95 used (92% off) $45.93 new (18% off) $56.00 direct from Amazon Amazon page|
|Call number||R725.5.M33 1999|
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Bridget Haire, John Kaldor & Christopher Fc Jordens (2012). How Good Is “Good Enough”? The Case for Varying Standards of Evidence According to Need for New Interventions in HIV Prevention. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (6):21-30.
Loretta M. Kopelman (2006). Bioethics as a Second-Order Discipline: Who is Not a Bioethicist? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (6):601 – 628.
Tom L. Beauchamp (2004). Does Ethical Theory Have a Future in Bioethics? Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 32 (2):209-217.
Patricia Marshall & Barbara Koenig (2004). Accounting for Culture in Globalized Bioethics. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 32 (2):252-266.
John-Stewart Gordon (2012). Human Rights in Bioethics–Theoretical and Applied. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (3):283 - 294.
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