Could God Have Made the Big Bang? (On Theistic Counterfactuals)

Dialogue 33 (01):3-20 (1994)
Quentin Smith argues that if God exists, He had a duty to ensure life's existence; and He couldn't rationally have done so and made a big bang unless a counter-factual like "If God had made a big bang, there would have been life," was true pre-creation. But such counter-factuals are not true pre-creation. I argue that God could have made a big bang without irrationality; and that He could have ensured life without making big bangs non-random. Further, a proper understanding of the truth-conditions of counter-factuals like the one above lets them have determinate truth-values pre-creation. But the explanation of how the above counter-factual can be true pre-creation is more complicated than that offered by William Lane Craig.
Keywords God  Big Bang  Random  Philosophical Cosmology  The Problem of Evil  Quentin Smith  William Lane Craig  universe  creation  counterfactuals
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DOI 10.1017/S0012217300038737
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