Communism, universalism and disinterestedness: Re-examining contemporary support among academics for Merton's scientific norms [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (1):67-78 (2008)
This paper re-examines the relevance of three academic norms to contemporary academic life – communism, universalism and disinterestedness – based on the work of Robert Merton. The results of a web-based survey elicited responses to a series of value statements and were analysed using the weighted average method and through cross-tabulation. Results indicate strong support for communism as an academic norm defined in relation to sharing research results and teaching materials as opposed to protecting intellectual copyright and withholding access. There is more limited support for universalism based on the belief that academic knowledge should transcend national, political, or religious boundaries. Disinterestedness, defined in terms of personal detachment from truth claims, is the least popular contemporary academic norm. Here, the impact of a performative culture is linked to the need for a large number of academics to align their research interests with funding opportunities. The paper concludes by considering the claims of an alternate set of contemporary academic norms including capitalism, particularism and interestedness.
|Keywords||Academic values scientific norms Merton Weber|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
David Budtz Pedersen & Vincent F. Hendricks (forthcoming). Science Bubbles. Philosophy and Technology 45 (3):1-16.
Similar books and articles
Philmore Alleyne & Kimone Phillips (2011). Exploring Academic Dishonesty Among University Students in Barbados: An Extension to the Theory of Planned Behaviour. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 9 (4):323-338.
G. R. Evans & D. E. Packham (2003). Ethical Issues at the University-Industry Interface: A Way Forward? Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (1):3-16.
Richard T. De George (2003). Ethics, Academic Freedom and Academic Tenure. Journal of Academic Ethics 1 (1):11-25.
Soheila Mirshekary & Ann D. K. Lawrence (2009). Academic and Business Ethical Misconduct and Cultural Values: A Cross National Comparison. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 7 (3):141-157.
Andrew Alexandra (2002). Academic Personality and the Commodification of Academic Texts. Ethics and Information Technology 4 (4):279-286.
Jon Nixon (2001). 'Not Without Dust and Heat': The Moral Bases of the 'New' Academic Professionalism. British Journal of Educational Studies 49 (2):173 - 186.
María Cristina Redondo (2005). Legal Reasons: Between Universalism and Particularism. Journal of Moral Philosophy 2 (1):47-68.
Tracey Bretag & Saadia Mahmud (2009). Self-Plagiarism or Appropriate Textual Re-Use? Journal of Academic Ethics 7 (3):193-205.
Henk Zandvoort (2005). Knowledge, Risk, and Liability. Analysis of a Discussion Continuing Within Science and Technology. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 84 (1):469-498.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads8 ( #160,006 of 1,096,449 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #231,754 of 1,096,449 )
How can I increase my downloads?